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HOLOCAUST LINKS
 
In order to increase understanding of the Holocaust, and to encourage further education about the event, holocaustchronicle.org has established links to approximately 66 Holocaust-related Web sites. Each site has been carefully examined and evaluated by the staff and administrators of holocaustchronicle.org. The sites to which we have established links have been, for a variety of reasons, deemed superior. Some of the sites are broad; others sharply focused. All, we feel, are useful.

The Links homepage displays a list of Web links, arranged by type (see categories listed below). Below each URL are brief descriptive/evaluative remarks about the site that have been prepared by the staff and administrators of holocaustchronicle.org, followed by an abridgement of the link's own summation of its content.

More links will be added as time goes by, so please check back often to holocaustchronicle.org.


For Educators Holocaust Museums and Education Centers Judaism: Guides, Museums and Information
Libraries and Archives Military On-Line Reference Sites and Guides
Persecuted Groups Survivor Organizations/Concerns Tolerance and Peace Organizations

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


A Cybrary of The Holocaust
Category: On-Line Reference Sites and Guides
Straightforward, informative site that will have particular utility for students.

As time passes, memory fades. The Cybrary of the Holocaust uses art, discussion groups, photos, poems, and a wealth of facts to perserve powerful memories and to educate scholars and newcomers alike about the Holocaust.

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Action Reconciliation Service for Peace
Category: Tolerance and Peace Organizations
Humanist site that is particularly valuable for German youths, and foreign students who travel to Germany.

The Berlin based German peace-organization "Aktion Shnezeichen Friedensdienste" sends about 150 young German adults annually to countries which were affected by WW II in order to work with the peoples who suffered through the Nazi regime.

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African Americans In World War II
Category: Military
A useful addendum to our site that tells an important story unknown to most Americans.

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Anne Frank Online
Category: On-Line Reference Sites and Guides
Simple, direct site; well illustrated (including rare Frank family photos), with plenty of appeal to students.

The Anne Frank Center USA was founded in 1977 to educate people about the causes, instruments and dangers of discrimination and violence through the poignant and telling story of Anne Frank.

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Anti-Defamation League
Category: Tolerance and Peace Organizations
Outstanding site dedicated to awareness of anti-Jewish sentiment, and follow-up action against it.

Fighting anti-Semitism and bigotry here and abroad, the Anti-Defamation League probes the roots of hatred against Jews and serves as a public resource for government, media, law enforcement agencies and the public at large.

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Auschwitz Jewish Center Foundation
Category: Holocaust Museums and Education Centers
Moving stories of Auschwitz inmates elevate these people above mere "number" status. The Foundation is open to student groups, and also provides a sanctuary where Jews and others can reflect and pray.

The Auschwitz Jewish Center Foundation, Inc., a not-for-profit foundation in Oswiecim, Poland provides all visitors with an opportunity to memorialize Jewish victims of the Holocaust through the study of Jewish life and culture.

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Beit Therezin
Category: Holocaust Museums and Education Centers
This site devotes itself to one of the more intriguing Nazi camps (also known as Theresienstadt). Offers English-language links to the Jerusalem Post, CNN, Time Worldwide, et al. An "Index of Prisoners" page is under construction.

Beit Theresienstadt at Kibbutz Givat Chaym Ichud was erected in memory of the Jews of Ghetto Theresienstadt who perished during the Nazi persecution.

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C.A.N.D.L.E.S.
Category: Holocaust Museums and Education Centers
Basic, wide-ranging site that culls some of its useful essays (Hitler, Holocaust overview, antisemitism) from Microsoft Encarta. Teachers may find the modest selection of lesson plans useful. A handful of student essays, plus the story of an SS doctor at Auschwitz who saved Jews.

The C.A.N.D.L.E.S. Holocaust Museums purpose is to educate the public about the horrors of the holocaust and to tell the story of the childeren who survived. Further, visitors learn about the experiments twins were forced to endure.

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Center for Holocaust, Genocide & Peace Studies
Category: For Educators
Many assets at this site including a photo archive, essays on relevant current affairs, brief summaries of events sponsored by the Center, and important historical essays.

"We believe and recognize the importance of planting the seeds of tolerance and peace consciousness in the hearts of each child in this community."

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Dayton Holocaust Research Center
Category: Holocaust Museums and Education Centers
Book and video reviews, plus the site's main selling point: links to dozens of other, broader Holocaust sites.

The Dayton Holocaust Resource Center is responsible for storing, maintaining, purchasing, and disseminating Holocaust educational materials for teachers and researchers in the greater Dayton area.

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Descendants of The Shoah
Category: Survivor Organizations/Concerns
An organization that works on behalf of and with Melbourne, Australia, residents who are the sons and daughters of survivors. Strong emphasis on reparations.

Descendants of the Shoah Inc. began in Melbourne, Australia in 1991 as a group of sons and daughters of Holocaust survivors wanting to explore our parents experiences, the similarities in our childhoods and how this would affect our own children, the third generation.

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Facing History and Ourselves
Category: Tolerance and Peace Organizations
Preeminent Holocaust/tolerance-education organization. Site has virtual exhibits: Little Rock, 1957; hate crimes in Billings, Montana; and others. User can read students' personal experiences and reflections.

Facing History and Ourselves is a national educational and professional development organization whose mission is to engage students of diverse backgrounds in an examination of racism, prejudice, and anti-Semitism in order to promote the development of a more humane and informed citizenry.

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Fortunoff Video Archives
Category: Libraries and Archives
Audio and visual testimony about Holocaust experiences. These also can be read and printed out as text-only files. Site describes accessible educational resources available to schools and community groups.

A collection of over 4,000 videotaped interviews with witnesses and survivors of the Holocaust, the Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies is part of Manuscripts and Archives, at Sterling Memorial Library, Yale University.

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Georgia Holocaust Commission
Category: For Educators
A narrowly focused, Georgia-emphasis site that will be reasonably useful to visitors from the broader public.

The Georgia Commission on the Holocaust was established to teach the lessons of the Holocaust to present and future generations of Georgians in order to create an awareness of the enormity of the crimes of prejudice and inhumanity and a vigilance to prevent their recurrence.

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Hatikvah Center
Category: Holocaust Museums and Education Centers
Modest information online, but the Center itself is a useful resource for people based in or near Massachusetts.

The Hatikvah Holocaust Education & Resource Center of Western Massachusetts is a living memorial to the victims of the Holocaust and serves as an educational and teaching facility for the entire community.

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Holocaust Assets, US State Department's Website
Category: Survivor Organizations/Concerns
Offers full text of reports; official U.S. government remarks; press statements; fact sheets; and information on dormant European bank accounts.

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Holocaust Education Center
Category: Holocaust Museums and Education Centers
This site alerts online visitors to programs and exhibits at the center in Florida, with summaries of those upcoming and those already held. Offers seminars and seminar-registration information for teachers.

The Holocaust Center's mandate is to provide education to examine the past in order to learn from it and to help people become aware of and alert to present dangers to our freedoms, our human rights, and our lives by learning the lessons of the Holocaust.

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Holocaust Human Rights Center of Maine
Category: For Educators
Directed to Maine educators, K-8, with available essays and publications, which can be read online. Good range of Holocaust-related subjects: Jehovah's Witnesses, homosexuals, rescuers, Sinti & Roma, Poles, and others.

Incorporated in 1985, the mission of the HHRC is to foster public education about the Nazi Holocaust and issues of human rights which grow out of reflection on that historic event. The HHRC is a nonprofit, nonsectarian, and nonpartisan organization guided by an interfaith Board of Directors.

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Holocaust Literature Research Institute
Category: Libraries and Archives
Survivor memoirs, the Institute's focus, are are unavailable on this site. A publications-review page and bibliography are under construction. For the moment, the site's main attraction is a sobering photo "slide show" of Auschwitz and Auschwitz-Birkenau, with lengthy, informative captions.

The Holocaust Literature Research Institute at The University of Western Ontario is directed by Dr. Alain Goldschlager. The role of the Institute is to search-out and collect survivor narratives. Established formally in 1996, the Institute currently holds 650 narratives from Dr. Goldschlager's personal collection.

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Holocaust Memorial Center
Category: Holocaust Museums and Education Centers
Detroit-area resource with information about teachers' seminars; speakers bureau; and trips to Israel and Europe. Also: book reviews and an online bookstore.

The Holocaust Memorial Center's mission is expressed in its logo, which is composed of the four stylized Hebrew characters that spell the word Zachor, which means "Remember."

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Holocaust Museum Houston
Category: Holocaust Museums and Education Centers
This site offers detailed descriptions of exhibitions, plus teacher aids and curricula; answers to frequently asked questions about the Holocaust; calendar of events. Teacher information is detailed and very well cross-linked.

The Holocaust Mueseum Houston encourages teachers and students alike to examine the relevance the Holocaust as well as its historical context.

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Holocaust Outreach Center
Category: For Educators
Florida resource with useful information about teacher training; curricula (K-12); Florida Holocaust events. Offers links to nine other Holocaust sites.

The Holocaust Outreach Center (H.O.C.) is a joint effort of the College of Education and the Raddock Eminent Scholar Chair of Holocaust Studies. The purpose is to provide training, resources, and support for teachers, media specialists, and school administrators.

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Holocaust Resource Center
Category: Holocaust Museums and Education Centers
A wide-ranging site with emphasis on teacher training. Strong overview interest in Jewish life; list of Jewish and/or Holocaust museums; information regarding Jewish studies at Rutgers; announcements of Holocaust-related events at Rutgers; links to other sites.

The Center for the Study of Jewish Life was designated a Holocaust Resource Center in 1997. The Resource Center is an important component of the Center, with an overall mission of prejudice reduction and outreach to the broader community.

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Holocaust Resource Center of Oklahoma
Category: For Educators
This site reproduces brief articles from the USHMM on the Resistance, Jehovah's Witnesses, Gypsies, and the White Rose Resistance group. A bibliography page is under construction.

History is one of the most important things that we cannot fully teach our children. However, it is imperative to develop an understanding of the past in order to look toward the future with faith and hope. Teaching future generations about history is the reason the Holocaust Resource Center of Oklahoma was founded.

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Holocaust Survivors
Category: On-Line Reference Sites and Guides
Fine treatment of its subject, with essays, audio, survivor stories, discussion groups, photo gallery, and encyclopedia.

Here we present history with a human face. Read the stories of the survivors. Hear them speak. Look at their family photographs. Consult our encyclopedia. Read a historical introduction to the Holocaust. Leave your thoughts or ask your questions on our discussion page.

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Holocaust Teacher Resource Center
Category: For Educators
Useful Holocaust-related lesson plans and curricula for teachers, K-college, and anyone who wishes added insight into Holocaust issues. Lesson plans relate not just to books and papers, but to images, poetry, theater, and oral histories. A suggested grade level is noted for each plan. Also: bibliography and videography.

This Holocaust Teacher Resource Center (TRC) web site strives to combat prejudice and bigotry by transforming the horrors of the Holocaust into positive lessons to help make this a better and safer world for everybody. This site is sponsored by the Holocaust Education Foundation, Inc.

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Institute for Jewish Policy Research-Anti Semitism In The World Today
Category: On-Line Reference Sites and Guides
An excellent site offering detailed, nation-by-nation overviews of antisemitic history and present activity. National demographic data; important political dates; economic data; right wing/antisemitic political parties; fringe groups; antisemitic violence. Discussion of each nation has a strong emphasis on the nature of present-day Jewish life, and prospects for the future. Useful links to other sites.

Antisemitism in the World Today contains up-to-date country by country reports on antisemitism. Each entry provides key data about the overall political and economic situation in the country, information about racism and xenophobia and then a series of sections on various aspects of antisemitism.

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Israeli Centers for Holocaust Survivors and The Second Generation
Category: Survivor Organizations/Concerns
A survivors' resource site, with emphasis on reparations & claims; survivors speaking out (today and via older memoirs); book reviews. Useful page of survivor news.

AMCHA- Israeli Centers for Holocaust Survivors and the Second Generation, is a non-profit organization which since 1987 has been providing support services such as psychotherapy, groups services, support groups, clubs for the aging survivor and volunteer services to homebound survivors.

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Jehovah's Witnesses
Category: Persecuted Groups
Reasonable, straightforward site administered by the Jehovah's Witnesses, who were persecuted by the Nazis. The site is relatively free of proselytizing, and includes information about the fates of Witnesses during the Holocaust.

This is the official Web site of the Watchtower Bible and Tract Society of New York, Inc., the legal organization in use by Jehovah's Witnesses.

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Jewish War Veterans of The United States of America
Category: Military
The topic this site covers is valuable and often neglected. The site focuses on events; Jewish issues; antisemitism; Israel; and foreign affairs of interest to Jewish-American vets.

The Jewish War Veterans (JWV) of the USA is the oldest active national veterans' service organization n America. Among JWV's activities are: promoting legislation assisting veterans, sponsoring projects on Jewish communal concerns, support of Israel, advocacy for Soviet Jewry, and combating anti-Semitism.

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Leo Baeck Institute
Category: Libraries and Archives
Focus is on German-speaking Jewry. Useful, if narrowly focused, site with strong emphasis on the Institute.

The Leo Baeck Institute is a research, study and lecture center whose library and archives offer the most comprehensive documentation for the study of the history of German-speaking Jewry.

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March of The Living
Category: Tolerance and Peace Organizations
Holocaust-related student art, poetry, and journals. Organizes student trips to Israel and Europe. Links are provided to the Jerusalem Post; Ko Yisrael Audi News; the Israeli Embassy in DC, and more. Drawback: Some of the site's information is two years out of date.

The March of the Living is an international, educational program that brings Jewish teens from all over the world to Poland on Yom Hashoah, Holocaust Memorial Day, to retrace the infamous death march from Auschwitz to Birkenau, and then to Israel to observe Yom HaZikaron, Israel Memorial Day, and Yom Ha'Atzmaut, Israel Independence Day.

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Montreal Institute for Genocide and Human Rights Studies
Category: For Educators
Useful Holocaust site for Canadians, with memoirs of survivors now living in Canada. Also: Canadian-survivor news; new-book notes; and links to other Holocaust-related sites.

The Montreal Institute for Genocide and Human Rights Studies (MIGS) collects and disseminates knowledge created by researchers about the historical origins of the mass killings that have become such a prominent part of the twentieth century.

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Museum of Jewish Heritage
Category: Judaism: Guides, Museums and Information
A handsome, easily navigated site with much general Holocaust information and visual access to an extensive collection of artifacts. News and notes about programs sponsored by the museum.

The Museum of Jewish Heritage is a Living Memorial to the Holocaust opened to the public in September 1997. Its mission is to educate people of all ages and backgrounds about the 20th century Jewish experience before, during, and after the Holocaust.

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National Museum American Jewish History
Category: Judaism: Guides, Museums and Information
A good site devoted to the Jewish experience in the United States, with a strong emphasis on culture and heritage. Online exhibits of art, political cartoons, postcards, and more.

The National Museum of American Jewish History is the only Museum in the nation to offer education, exhibits and programs dedicated to preserving the history and culture of the Jewish people in America. Explore our virtual exhibits, timeline and online shop.

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Oregon Holocaust Resource Center
Category: For Educators
A utilitarian site that will be of use to students and others in and near Oregon.

The Oregon Holocaust Resource Center (OHRC) is a not-for-profit, nonsectarian educational organization dedicated to communicating the lessons of the Holocaust to teachers, students and the general community in Oregon and southwest Washington.

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Polish American Congress
Category: Persecuted Groups
A site that gives voice to the history and concerns of Poles in America. The Holocaust is a small but reasonably well-emphasized element of the site, with useful, updated information about reparations for wartime forced labor.

The Polish American Congress is a National Umbrella Organization, representing at least 10 million Americans of Polish descent and origin. Its membership is comprised of fraternal, educational, veteran, religious, cultural, social, business, political organizations and individual membership.

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Religious Movements Homepage: Freemasons
Category: Persecuted Groups
Useful information about the Freemasons and other quasi-religious and religious groups that faced Nazi persecution.

Freemasons can be traced back to medieval times where stonemasons formed guilds and unions, but some sources trace them even further. Freemason legends date their fraternity to the building of King Solomon's temple in the Bible.

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Rhodes Jewish Museum
Category: Judaism: Guides, Museums and Information
Unusual site offering perspective on an often-neglected part of Jewish Holocaust history. Holocaust photos, including images (with epitaphs) of Jewish tombstones on Rhodes. Includes a downloadable list of all Rhodes Jews who were killed by the Nazis.

Welcome to the web site of The Rhodes Jewish Museum. Here we will provide you with information regarding the historical exhibition which is located in the rooms formerly used as the women's prayer rooms at the "Kahal Shalom" synagogue.

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Safe Haven
Category: On-Line Reference Sites and Guides
Survey-style information about fugitive Jews in Latin America, Shanghai, and elsewhere, plus many details about European Jews who found themselves in the Oswego, NY, refugee camp. A worthy sidelight to the Holocaust story.

Safe Haven Inc. is a non-profit group of about 25 volunteers from Central New York determined to see that the story of America's only shelter for refugees of the Holocaust doesn't become buried with time. The Syracuse Newspapers and New World Media joined forces to develop this site at no charge to Safe Haven.

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Skirball Cultural Center & Museum
Category: Judaism: Guides, Museums and Information
Useful, broad overview of Jewish life, culture, faith, science, and history.

It is the varied nature of its mission that makes this unique venue the Skirball Cultural Center & Museum. Just as the American immigrant experience is different for each group and individual arriving on these shores, the Skirball Cultural Center provides an unrivaled rainbow of programs and opportunities to enrich each visitor.

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Southern Poverty Law Center
Category: Tolerance and Peace Organizations
Teaches tolerance, with an emphasis on practical ways to make a positive difference. Teacher curricula are particularly interesting.

The Southern Poverty Law Center is a non-profit organization that combats hate, intolerance, and discrimination through education and litigation. The Center also sponsors the Civil Rights Memorial which celebrates the memory of 40 individuals who died during the Civil Rights Movement.

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State of New Jersey Commission on Holocaust Education
Category: For Educators
Teachers' resource with useful curricula suggestions.

The core mission of the New Jersey Commission on Holocaust Education is to promote Holocaust education in the State of New Jersey.

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Survivors of The Shoah Visual History Foundation
Category: Libraries and Archives
General information about the Foundation, with useful links

In 1994, after filming Schindler's List, Steven Spielberg established Survivors of the Shoah Visual History Foundation with an urgent mission: to chronicle, before it was too late, the firsthand accounts of survivors, liberators, rescuers, and other eyewitnesses of the Holocaust.

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Terezin Chamber Music Foundation
Category: On-Line Reference Sites and Guides
A fascinating, tightly focused site exploring music and musicians interned at Terezin (Theresienstadt). The site will be useful to historical specialists, and also will give generalists access to information that is not widely known. Provides sources for purchase of relevant music CDs.

The Terezin Chamber Music Foundation is a non-profit organization dedicated to assuring the permanence of the music written by composers who perished in the Holocaust. As a memorial to the artists and their creative spirit, the Foundation devotes itself to interfaith concerts, lectures, recordings, children's programs and research.

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The American Jewish Committee
Category: Tolerance and Peace Organizations
Valuable "watchdog" site that monitors hate activity around the world, particularly on the Internet. The site explores hate sites with a thorough description of each, but declines to provide links to those sites. Offers publications devoted to the study of domestic and foreign antisemitism and intolerance.

To safeguard the welfare and security of Jews in the United States, in Israel, and throughout the world. To strengthen the basic principles of pluralism around the world, as the best defense against anti-Semitism and other forms of bigotry. To enhance the quality of American Jewish life by helping to ensure Jewish continuity and deepen ties between American and Israeli Jews.

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The American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee, Inc.
Category: Judaism: Guides, Museums and Information
Site with strong emphasis on present-day Jewish affairs from a seminal Jewish organization, buttressed with a good Jewish-historical overview, 1914-present. Available brochures and videos for teaching and personal enrichment.

The American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee missions are: Aid of Jews in distress; Relief of Jews in need; Restoring and strengthening Jewish community life; Helping the State of Israel to address the social service needs of its most vulnerable populations.

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The Center for Holocaust Studies
Category: Holocaust Museums and Education Centers
Good site for older students living in or near Worcester, Massachusetts. Dedicated to the education of teachers; offers a Ph.D. program in Holocaust Studies. Good emphasis on public education, with free seminars and other programs open to the general public.

The Center for Holocaust Studies at Clark University is an exciting new forum for Holocaust scholarship. Dedicated to teaching, research, and public service, the Center will, very crucially, train the professors, teachers, museum curators and directors of the future.

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The Center for Holocaust and Genocide Studies at The University of Minnesota
Category: Holocaust Museums and Education Centers
Study of the Holocaust and other genocides, e.g. Armenia, expressed in essays. Artwork by Holocaust survivors and their children.

The Center for Holocaust and Genocide Studies provides direct access and referrals to materials such as slides, film, video and audio tapes for use in Holocaust and genocide education.

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The Chambon Foundation
Category: On-Line Reference Sites and Guides
Main emphasis is on non-Jewish Americans living in Europe who aided Jews during the war. Links to sites about Righteous Gentiles. Also, much information about the French village of Le Chambon, whose Christian residents banded together to hide and save fugitive Jews.

Committed to exploring, especially on film, the necessary lessons of hope intertwined with the Holocaust's unavoidable lessons of despair

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The Commission on Jewish Assets in Sweden at the Time of the Second World War
Category: Survivor Organizations/Concerns
A narrowly focused but important site discussing the problematic Holocaust links between wartime Swedes, the Swedish government, and fugitive Jews. Reproduces latter-day government conference papers, and a lengthy series of press releases devoted to Sweden and Nazi gold, as well as the final, full report on that subject put together by the Swedish government.

The great tragedy of the Holocaust consists in millions of people having lost their lives. An essential part of European civilisation was shattered. There is also a material aspect. Millions of Jewish homes, as well as thousands of Jewish institutions, were laid waste and their possessions dispersed. It is this aspect which the Commission has been tasked with investigating.

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The Gypsy Lore Society
Category: Persecuted Groups
Scholarly examination of Gypsy groups, with strong historical emphasis.

The Gypsy Lore Society goals include promotion of the study of Gypsy, Traveler, and analogous peripatetic cultures worldwide and dissemination of accurate information aimed at increasing understanding of these cultures in their diverse forms.

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The Holocaust Phenomenon
Category: On-Line Reference Sites and Guides
"The Holocaust Phenomenon" project was initiated by the President of the Czech Republic, VŠclav Havel, in 1997. The project's aim is to formulate discussion concerning the history of our country between 1938-1945. This page should provide information on new activities which are being prepared in the framework of this project and provide those who are interested with basic guidelines.

Sincere, visually unadorned site that focuses on the Holocaust as it relates to the Czech people. Illuminating essays about the Terezin (Theresienstadt) ghetto/camp; Czech Gypsies; and insurance and insurance claims in Occupied Czech lands. Czech-property confiscation list of names, plus remarks from 1999 conference.

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The Holocaust Resource Center of Buffalo
Category: Holocaust Museums and Education Centers
Strong, Buffalo, NY-area resource that provides speakers, helps to sponsor trips to the USHMM, and initiates art & writing contests. Also on the site: written survivor testimony; and the 10 most-often-asked questions about the Holocaust.

The Holocaust Resource Center of Buffalo is a non-profit agency that deals primarily in helping educate the community of Western New York State on the Holocaust 1933-1945.

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The Holocaust: A Tragic Legacy
Category: Holocaust Museums and Education Centers
Very effective overview Holocaust site.

This site attempts to provide a unique set of resources to complement those already available on-line. There is a strong interactive element, asking visitors to consider the moral dilemmas of Nuremberg, consider the culpability of the Swiss, or examine the future implications of the Holocaust.

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The Jewish Foundation for the Righteous
Category: Survivor Organizations/Concerns
Good site with stirring stories of Holocaust rescues of Jews by non-Jews. The stories are valuable not simply because they are demonstrations of bravery and compassion, but because they make clear that not all of Europe's non-Jews were hostile to Jewish people. The Foundation is preparing to launch an ambitious teacher-education program about the Holocaust and, more specifically, rescuers.

Today, many of the Righteous Gentiles who risked their lives to save Jews are aged and needy. The Jewish Foundation for the Righteous (JFR) cares for almost 1,700 surviving Righteous Gentiles and educates generations to come about their extraordinary acts of courage.

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The Pink Triangle Pages: About the Gay Male and Lesbian Experience during World War II
Category: Persecuted Groups
Useful, comprehensive site with explanations of the Pink Triangle and other anti-gay Nazi symbology; translations of German penal code pertaining to homosexuals; death statistics; the fates of lesbians; oral histories; homosexual existence in selected Nazi camps and prisons.

The pink triangle has become one of the symbols of the modern gay rights movement, but it originated in Nazi concentration camps during World War II. In many camps, prisoners wore badges. These badges were colored based upon the reason for imprisonment. In one common system, men convicted for sexual deviance, including homosexuality wore a pink triangle.

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The Simon Wiesenthal Center
Category: Tolerance and Peace Organizations
Strong, effective watchdog focus on hate and bigotry. An important, seminal Holocaust site.

In November 1977, the Simon Wiesenthal Center was founded. Today, together with its world renowned Museum of Tolerance, it is a 400,000 member strong international center for Holocaust remembrance, the defense of human rights and the Jewish people.

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The Union of Traditional Judaism
Category: Judaism: Guides, Museums and Information
Informative site dedicated to Traditional Judaism. Although not directly related to the Holocaust, the site is a useful ancillary study guide.

The Union for Traditional Judaism is an organization of lay people, educators, talmudic scholars, cantors and pulpit rabbis who are dedicated to the principles of Traditional Judaism. Through innovative outreach projects, we hope to bring the greatest possible number of Jews closer to an open-minded observant Jewish lifestyle.

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The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
Category: Holocaust Museums and Education Centers
A key site for all students and scholars. Images, exhibits, war crimes-trial testimony, artworks, and much more.

The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum is America's national institution for the documentation, study, and interpretation of Holocaust history.

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The United Synagogue of Conservative Judaism
Category: Judaism: Guides, Museums and Information
Good resource guide to Conservative synagogues in North America.

The United Synagogue is the international service provider and policy-making organization of Conservative synagogues in North America, representing close to 800 affiliated congregations.

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The Virginia Holocaust Museum
Category: Holocaust Museums and Education Centers
The museum and its site emphasize "Tolerance Through Education." Offers teacher resources; essays.

The Virginia Holocaust Museum mission includes the following goals: -To remember the victims who lived through or perished during the Holocaust; To combat intolerance, anti-Semitism, prejudice and hate; To provide educational materials in the Holocaust Education Resource Center; To increase awareness and understanding of the Holocaust in the general community.

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Union of American Hebrew Congregations
Category: Judaism: Guides, Museums and Information
Useful, accessible information about the Jewish Reform movement in North America, with a special emphaisis on resources for children and young people.

The UAHC -- the congregational arm of the Reform Movement in North America -- helps to create and sustain vibrant Reform Jewish congregations wherever Reform Jews live. The Union provides leadership and vision to Reform Jews on spiritual, ethical and political issues.

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Women and The Holocaust
Category: Persecuted Groups
Wide-ranging site with easy navigability. Historical/philosophical overview; oral histories of survivors and descendants of survivors; biographical sketches of notable women, including gentile women who acted as rescuers.

They were the women. Who were murdered while pregnant. Holding little hands of children or carrying infants in their arms on the way to be gassed. In hiding. To the mothers who gave their children to be hidden, many never to find them again. To the righteous-gentile mothers who were hiding and protecting the children in their care.

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Yad Vashem
Category: Holocaust Museums and Education Centers
Superior, Israel-based Holocaust learning and remembrance site, maintained by one of the world's leading Holocaust-resources organizations.

Yad Vashem is the pioneer of Holocaust commemoration in the world. It houses the collective memory of the Jewish people. Established and instructed by Israeli Law in 1953, Yad Vashem commemorates the six million Jews and their communities wiped out in the Holocaust.

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Zipple.com: The Jewish SuperSite
Category: On-Line Reference Sites and Guides
General, Jewish-interest site (history, lifestyles, Israel, arts, food, etc.) with a strong Holocaust section, divided into 18 distinct categories, each with numerous sub-categories. Some essays and information are original; others are from links to other sites. Dozens of Holocaust-related images.

Zipple.com offers a comprehensive index of Internet resources and databases for synagogues, kosher dining, global Jewish communities, Jewish singles, Jewish charities, Jewish agencies, Jewish Federations, Jewish travel, Torah, Jewish camps, Jewish education and we will continue to add many more.

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The Holocaust Chronicle
© 2002 Publications International, Ltd.