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1938: The End of Illusions
 pg. 125 
The Führer inspects the Sachsenhausen concentration camp, located near Berlin. Built in 1936, Sachsenhausen followed Dachau as one of the first camps built to imprison political enemies of the Nazis. After Kristallnacht, about 1800 Jews were arrested and sent there, of whom some 450 never left. Forced to run a gauntlet of vicious beatings, many died from their injuries while others were executed.
Photo: Main Commission for the Investigation of Nazi War Crimes/United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archive
Henry Ford, industrialist and owner of the Ford Motor Company, was also an outspoken antisemite. In 1920 his newspaper, The Dearborn Independent, published an edition of the fakedThe Protocols of the Elders of Zion , fueling American fears of a Jewish conspiracy. Hitler reprinted Ford's edition of The Protocols in German and awarded him the medal of the Grand Cross of the German Eagle. When war in Europe began, Ford blamed the "Jew bankers" for causing it.
Photo: Archive Photos

In the 1930s the Nazi camps housed mostly political opponents. In the wake of Kristallnacht, however, thousands of Jews were incarcerated.
 January 1938: The concentration camp at Dachau, Germany, is enlarged.
 January 1938: In Holland, a collaboration-ist organization, National-Socialistische Vrouwen Organisatie (National Socialist Women's Organization), is established.
 January 1938: The Swedish government institutes strict immigration standards.
 January 21, 1938: The Romanian government strips Romanian Jews of their citizenship.
 February 1938: Hitler appoints Joachim von Ribbentrop foreign minister.
 February 4, 1938: Hitler names himself supreme commander of the Wehrmacht. Hitler's Cabinet meets for the final time.
1938: The End of Illusions
 pg. 125 
The Holocaust Chronicle
© 2009 Publications International, Ltd.