Home Contact Us
Index Purchase Info
About Site About Us
Appendices Credits
Further Reading Links
Special Features
By Keyword:

Page Number:
Click on an image to see a larger, more detailed picture.
1939: The War Against The Jews
 pg. 158 
German inhabitants of Memel salute a German armored column as it enters the city in late March 1939. A part of East Prussia since the 16th century, Memel and its environs were removed from Germany in 1919 and annexed by Lithuania in 1923. After assuming power in 1933, Hitler agitated for Memel's return to Germany. Before sending troops into Memel, the Nazi Party gradually seized control of local politics by supporting the efforts of Dr. Ernst Neumann.
Photo: United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archive
Jeering members of the SA and SS laugh at this Jewish family from Memel as it flees the Nazi invaders. Most of the city's Lithuanian and Jewish population had left before the German takeover. The uncertainty and fear on the faces of these people illustrate the plight of those unfortunate enough to confront the Nazi juggernaut.
Photo: United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archive
A crowd of 10,000 men, women, and children gathers at Columbus Circle in New York City to listen to speakers condemn the recent German takeover of Czechoslovakia. Many of the crowd were dressed in native Czech costumes and had participated in a "Stop Hitler Parade" held earlier in the day. Nazi activity in Europe polarized Americans of European descent. While those of Jewish, Czech, and Polish heritage campaigned against Hitler, many within the German-American communities supported the Nazi government before the outbreak of war in September 1939.
Photo: United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archive
 February-June 1939: Asked for her opinion on the bill, Mrs. James Houghteling, wife of the commissioner of immigration, whispers that the only problem with the Wagner-Rogers bill is "that 20,000 ugly [Jewish] children would all too soon grow up into 20,000 ugly adults." Mrs. Houghteling is Laura Delano Houghteling, President Roosevelt's cousin.
 February-June 1939: As a result of Roosevelt's administration's policies, the United States offers refuge to fewer Jewish children--about 1000 from 1934 to 1945--than Belgium, France, Britain, Holland, or Sweden.
1939: The War Against The Jews
 pg. 158 
The Holocaust Chronicle
© 2009 Publications International, Ltd.