Home Contact Us
Index Purchase Info
About Site About Us
Appendices Credits
Further Reading Links
Special Features
By Keyword:

Page Number:
Click on an image to see a larger, more detailed picture.
1939: The War Against The Jews
 pg. 164 
Among the activities sponsored by the Jewish Cultural League were productions of operas composed by Jews. This photograph shows children engaged in promoting the League during the intermission of a performance of the operetta Gräfin Mariza in Berlin in July 1939. The League's leadership believed that getting children involved was vital to maintaining the existence of German-Jewish culture.
Photo: AKG Photo
The Executive Committee of the Jüdische Kulturbund (Jewish Cultural League) meets in July 1939. Among those present were the director, Fritz Wisten (extreme left), conductor Rudolf Schwarz (third from right), and Werner Levie, a former journalist for the Ullstein papers (far right). In 1937 1425 artists were members of the league, which played an important role in the preservation of German-Jewish culture until the following year, when increased persecution caused the league's influence to wane.
Photo: AKG Photo
Jewish children wave goodbye as they depart from the Zbaszyn, Poland, refugee camp set up in October 1938. As part of the Kindertransport program that brought Jewish children to Britain, the youths pictured here could look forward to a secure future. Most of the 10,000 Jews interned in Zbaszyn, however, were not so fortunate. An agreement between Poland and Germany brought most of the Jews back to Poland.
Photo: United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archive
 May 22, 1939: Germany signs a "Pact of Steel" with Italy.
 May 22, 1939: Ernst Toller, a German-Jewish playwright in exile in New York City, commits suicide.
 June 1939: The German refugee ship St. Louis reaches Cuba. But after extortionate demands for money are made by the Cuban government, the St. Louis departs Cuba and sails along the east coast of the United States. President Roosevelt orders the Coast Guard to prevent any of the passengers from landing in the U.S., even should they jump ship; See June 17, 1939.
 June 2, 1939: The Boston, Massachusetts, newspaper of the Christian Science Church attacks Jewish refugees as causing their own troubles, a position taken by many important Protestant journals of the time.
1939: The War Against The Jews
 pg. 164 
The Holocaust Chronicle
© 2009 Publications International, Ltd.