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1940: Machinery of Hatred
 pg. 198 
The British White Paper of May 1939 severely limited Jewish immigration to Palestine. Yet many Arab leaders denounced it, demanding that Palestine become an exclusively Arab state immediately. Under the claim, then, to "safeguard the civil and religious rights of all the inhabitants of Palestine irrespective of race and religion," the White Paper satisfied neither Jews nor Arabs. Earlier British attempts to cooperate with the Hagana -- the Jewish underground army -- to put an end to violence, and to deal with Arab leaders via diplomacy, were clumsy and ineffectual. Because Britain finally made it clear that its empire was more important than a Jewish homeland, Jewish agitation for a national state naturally increased. Not surprisingly, antisemitism in Palestine and elsewhere in the Arab world was virulent and widespread. This pro-Nazi Arabic poster reads, "Long Live Hitler."
Photo: National Archives / United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archive
Supposed Jewish domination of the French economy is graphically depicted in this antisemitic, illustrated map. Following the defeat of France and the establishment of the Vichy regime, antisemitism reemerged as a potent social force. Anti-Jewish legislation was reinforced by popular depictions of traditional negative Jewish stereotypes. Presumed Jewish domination of French capital was particularly resonant given the public's familiarity with the Rothschilds and other Jewish banking families.
Photo: Phillip Drell
A page from an issue of the film magazine Illustrierter Film-Kurier depicts a scene from Fritz Hippler's pseudo-documentary Der Ewige Jude (The Eternal Jew). Films were a particularly important weapon within the Nazi propaganda arsenal. Propaganda Minister Joseph Goebbels recognized their ability to manipulate the masses, especially in the German-occupied countries of Europe. However, the crude and lifeless portrayal of Jewish lust for money in Der Ewige Jude, and the film's overt antisemitic messages, resulted in limited appeal for broad audiences.
Photo: Bundesarchiv / United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archive
 July 1940: The America First Committee is formed. It is the most significant American isolationist group, and it is also infiltrated by Nazis, who are working to prevent American intervention in Europe. Several prominent Americans speak in support of the committee. Many in Congress attack the Jews of Hollywood as attempting to involve America in opposition to Hitler.
1940: Machinery of Hatred
 pg. 198 
The Holocaust Chronicle
© 2009 Publications International, Ltd.