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1941: Mass Murder
 pg. 240 
Three Russian women return to their native Smolensk, one of the many cities destroyed by the rampaging German armies. For centuries, Smolensk had been the object of a bitter struggle involving Russia, Poland, and Lithuania, but never before had the city been ravaged like this.
Photo: Archive of Mechanical Documentation / United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archive
A group of Waffen-SS soldiers breaks out champagne to celebrate a recent victory over the Red Army. The early weeks of Operation Barbarossa were marked by rapid and decisive German victories. The German military machine met little resistance as it advanced into Soviet territory.
Photo: Sovfoto / United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archive
German troops are greeted as liberators by the residents of Lithuania. The Lithuanians had fought a valiant but ultimately unsuccessful war against the Soviet Union in 1939. Since its defeat, Lithuania chafed under the control of the Communist state. In June 1940, Moscow sent an ultimatum to Lithuania, demanding the resignation of the government. Lithuania complied, but was occupied by the Red Army anyway. When the German armies advanced into their country during the opening campaigns of Operation Barbarossa, the local inhabitants warmly welcomed the Germans.
Photo: FPG International / United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archive
 June-November 1941: Fourteen thousand Bosnian Jews are deported to regional camps.
 July 1941: British codebreakers monitoring radio traffic coming from German troops in the Soviet Union become aware of Nazi massacres of Soviet Jews.
 July 1941: Two thousand members of Minsk, Belorussia's intelligentsia are executed by German troops in a nearby forest.
 July 1941: More than 2500 Jews are slaughtered at Zhitomir, Ukraine.
 July 1941: During an Einsatzkommando Aktion (murder operation) at Mielnica, Ukraine, a Jew named Abraham Weintraub hurls himself on a German officer and shatters the officer's teeth. Weintraub is immediately shot.
1941: Mass Murder
 pg. 240 
The Holocaust Chronicle
© 2009 Publications International, Ltd.