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1941: Mass Murder
 pg. 245 
These Belgian Walloon Volunteers for the Struggle Against Bolshevism take an oath to the Führer and commander-in-chief, Adolf Hitler. Nazi anti-Marxism was one of its most attractive features in the eyes of many Europeans, and Hitler and his henchmen used it to recruit volunteer soldiers from all of the occupied countries.
Photo: SYddeutscher Verlag Bilderdienst
Soldiers with a Wehrmacht propaganda unit film the anti-Jewish riot that began with the German occupation of Lvov on June 30, 1941. The Nazis incited the Ukrainians to seek revenge against the Jews. They then filmed the murderous four-day rampage to demonstrate how much even their own Ukrainian countrymen hated the Jews. Some 4000 died in the pogrom.
Photo: Yad Vashem / United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archive
Mass killings of Jews followed quickly in the wake of Germany's invasion of the Soviet Union. Ethnic Germans and many Ukrainians welcomed the invaders with open arms, seeing the Nazis as liberators from the hated Russians. On July 4-11, 1941, 5000 Jews were murdered at Ternopol by Germans and Ukrainians. The Jews were forced to dig their own graves as a prelude to their deaths.
Photo: Bundesarchiv / United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archive
 July 4, 1941: Germans order Lithuanian militiamen to murder 416 Jewish men and 47 Jewish women at the Seventh Fort.
 July 4-11, 1941: Five thousand Jews are killed in Ternopol, Ukraine.
 July 5, 1941: Ninety-three Jews are shot at Vilna, Lithuania, by an Einsatzkommando unit.
 July 5, 1941: Jews in Lvov, Ukraine, are murdered in the streets by antisemitic locals.
 July 6, 1941: In the Ukraine, 3000 Jews are murdered at Chernovtsy; 600 are killed at Skalat.
 July 6, 1941: Jews in Lvov, Ukraine, are ordered to wear the Yellow Star identifying them as Jews.
 July 6, 1941: Two thousand Jews are murdered at the Seventh Fort by Lithuanian militiamen.
 July 7, 1941: Two thousand Jews are murdered at Khotin, Ukraine.
 July 7, 1941: In France, a collaborationist military force, Légion des Volontaires Français (French Volunteer Legion), is established.
 July 7, 1941: Thirty-two Jews are killed in Mariampole, Lithuania.
1941: Mass Murder
 pg. 245 
The Holocaust Chronicle
© 2009 Publications International, Ltd.