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1942: The "Final Solution"
 pg. 296 
The wedding of Salomon Schrijver took place in the Jewish Quarter of Amsterdam in 1942. In spite of the Nazis' defeat of Holland, normal routines continued for Dutch Jews until preparations were made for their deportation. Beginning in January 1942, many Dutch Jews were concentrated in labor camps. The Nuremberg Laws were promulgated in March and Jews were ordered to wear the yellow badge in April.
Photo: Samuel Schryver / United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archive
Most photographic equipment in Lódz was confiscated by the Nazis in 1939. The limited photography that occurred was controlled by the ghetto administration. Photographer Mendel Grossman fulfilled official requests as part of the statistics department, but he also sought to preserve a record of ghetto life. Here he records a Jewish labor crew struggling to clear ice from the ghetto's streets.
Photo: Nachman Zonabend / United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archive
Already shivering and suffering from frostbite, two Jewish prisoners endure the torture of sitting in the snow. Reduced to skin and bones from months or years of malnutrition, few had the wherewithal to withstand the bitter cold. One woman, Gerda Weissmann Klein, survived a winter death march only because her father, guided by intuition, had ordered her to wear her ski boots when deported from her native town of Bielitz, Poland--on a hot summer day in 1942.
Photo: Archiwum Akt Nowych / United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archive
 1942: A gas chamber (probably never used) and a crematorium are installed at the Dachau, Germany, concentration camp.
 1942: A concentration camp is established at Riga, Latvia.
 1942: A forced-labor camp for Jews is established at Vilna, Lithuania.
 1942: Delegates from the United States, Great Britain, and Occupied European nations' governments-in-exile attend the St. James Palace Conference in London to discuss Nazi war crimes and possible Allied responses. Jews are not discussed as a unique category of victims.
 1942: The Germans elevate collaborator Pierre Laval to premier of Vichy France.
 1942: Hajj Amin al-Husseini, grand mufti of Jerusalem, flees to Germany following an unsuccessful attempt by Arab nationalists to undermine British control of Palestine, and to create a Muslim legion to fight alongside German troops.
1942: The "Final Solution"
 pg. 296 
The Holocaust Chronicle
© 2009 Publications International, Ltd.