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1942: The "Final Solution"
 pg. 307 
Inmates at the Mauthausen concentration camp in Austria haul cartloads of dirt and stones for the construction of the "Russian Camp." Located outside the main prison camp, the Russian Camp housed Soviet POWs. The conditions within this installation were particularly harsh. The Russian camp had its own perimeter of barbed wire, and the inmates lived in rude huts close to Mauthausen's notorious rock quarry. A convenient thoroughfare connected the Russian camp to the main-camp gas chamber, morgue, and crematorium. Nazi guards were particularly harsh to Soviet noncommissioned officers who had escaped from other camps and been recaptured. Of the 5000 Soviet POWs who arrived in the first shipment in 1941, only about 80 were still living in March 1942.
Photo: National Archives / United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archive
These Slovakian Jews, along with their luggage, are about to board a deportation train. Six thousand Jews from Slovakia, deported in March 1942, were among the first shipped to the Auschwitz death camp, where more than one million Jews ultimately perished.
A Jewish family loads a bicycle and a large bundle onto a railroad car during a deportation operation from Slovakia. Oblivious to their fate, tens of thousands of Slovakian Jews were deported during a four-month period from March to June 1942.
 March 1942: This month, nearly 5000 Jews in the Warsaw Ghetto die of starvation.
 March 1942: 24,000 Jews from the Lódz (Poland) Ghetto are gassed at the Chelmno death camp.
 March 1942: The Nazis begin deportations from Central Europe to the death camp at Belzec, Poland.
 March 1942: In Norway, the Hirdens Bedriftsvern, a collaborationist, anti-Resistance unit, is created to protect Norwegian factories and infrastructure from saboteurs.
 March 1942: A Russian collaborationist group, Russian National People's Army, is established in Smolensk.
 March 1942: A brief article appears in the London press reporting that all Jews in Mariupol, Ukraine, have been killed.
 March 1, 1942: The Nazis begin the construction of a new death camp at Sobibór, Poland.
 March 1-2, 1942: Thousands of Belorussian Jews are transported to Koidanav, Belorussia, where they are murdered.
1942: The "Final Solution"
 pg. 307 
The Holocaust Chronicle
© 2009 Publications International, Ltd.