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1942: The "Final Solution"
 pg. 326 
These children from the Polish town of Pitrokow Kujawski were shipped to Chelmno, where they were murdered in the camp's gas vans. Though deportations from the nearby Lódz Ghetto to Chelmno began in January 1942, Lódz residents weren't aware of the death camp until summertime.
Photo: Yad Vashem / United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archive
Even in its darkest days, the Lódz (Poland) Ghetto sought to provide for the children. Homes were found for those whose parents had been deported, and orphanages and hostels tried to provide children with nourishment and comfort. In this photograph, Yankev Chmielnicki and other ghetto children eat at the orphanage on Garbarska Street. The number of ghetto children was reduced dramatically in September 1942, when the authorities ordered the deportations of all children under the age of ten.
Photo: YIVO / United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archive
Work was the key to survival in the Lódz Ghetto, and most children worked. An accelerated course in tailoring was developed so that young people could learn a useful skill. By the end of 1942 even nine-year-olds were expected to work. All members of the ghetto were on call for assignments of forced labor. Here, a Jewish youth, the Star of David pinned to his back, washes the car of a German official.
Photo: Frank Morgens / United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archive
 June 1, 1942: I.G. Farben's Buna-Monowitz synthetic-rubber and oil works opens near Auschwitz.
 June 1-6, 1942: Seven thousand Jews from Kraków, Poland, are murdered at the Belzec exterminationcamp.
 June 2, 1942: Viennese Jews are deported to the Minsk (Belorussia) Ghetto. One woman, Elsa Speigel, decides to leave her 51/2-month-old son, Jona, behind. The baby will eventually be sent to the the camp/ghetto at Theresienstadt, Czechoslovakia, where he will survive the war.
 June 2, 1942: The BBC reports that 700,000 Jews have been exterminated. Its information comes from a report smuggled out of Poland by the Jewish Bund in Warsaw.
1942: The "Final Solution"
 pg. 326 
The Holocaust Chronicle
© 2009 Publications International, Ltd.