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1942: The "Final Solution"
 pg. 333 
The reprisals carried out in retribution for the assassination of Heydrich were both swift and brutal. Pictured here are but a few of the children who were deported to the Ravensbrück and Mauthausen concentration camps. Most of these children did not survive the war.
Photo: Czechoslovak News Agency / United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archive
Hitler's fury over the Heydrich assassination was vented in Lidice. The Czech village was brutally destroyed in a murderous burst of revenge carried out by SS and police. On June 9-10, 1942, 199 of the village's adult males and 47 of its women were executed. The remaining women were imprisoned in the Ravensbrück concentration camp, and the children--only 16 of whom would survive the war--were sent to "educational" institutions. The murdered citizens of Lidice were laid out in rows before being buried in a mass grave.
Photo: Hulton Getty Images

An unfinished apartment complex in the Paris suburb of Drancy was a transit camp for most Jews shipped from France to Auschwitz. From 1942 to 1944, more than 60 of the 79 trains that left for the East from France left from Drancy. About 67,000 of 75,000 Jews deported from French soil spent time at Drancy.

When Drancy opened on August 21, 1941, living conditions were abysmal. There were 1200 wooden bunk-bed frames for the first 4000 inmates. Forty to 50 internees crammed each room, and their diet consisted exclusively of cabbage soup. As a result, the mortality rate at Drancy was very high.

Ironically, material conditions improved when German officials took over camp administration from Vichy France officials in July 1943. The last deportation transport left Drancy on July 31, 1944.
Photo: Yad Vashem

 June 28, 1942: The Germans launch a summer offensive against the Red Army in the Don River basin of the Soviet Union.
 June 29, 1942: Armed Jewish resistance takes place at Slonim, Belorussia. Germans burn Jews to death; nearly 15,000 are killed.
 June 30, 1942: A second gas chamber begins functioning at Auschwitz-Birkenau.
 June 30, 1942: A headline in the London Daily Telegraph reads: "MORE THAN 1,000,000 JEWS KILLED IN EUROPE."
 June-July 1942: The New York Times highlights articles on Christian victims of the Germans rather than on Jewish victims, even though the numbers of Jewish victims are immensely greater.
 July 1942: Hundreds of German Jews are deported to the ghetto/camp at Theresienstadt, Czechoslovakia. In Paderborn, Germany, all Jewish orphans are deported to Theresienstadt.
 July 1942: Seven trains of Jewish deportees leave Westerbork, Holland, for the Auschwitz death camp.
1942: The "Final Solution"
 pg. 333 
The Holocaust Chronicle
© 2009 Publications International, Ltd.