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1942: The "Final Solution"
 pg. 357 
This secretly taken photograph shows a transport train at the sta-tion at Siedlce, Poland. This station was along one of the major routes between Warsaw and Treblinka, and many of the Jews deported during the liquidation of the Warsaw Ghetto passed through the station. The Nazis tried to select out-of-the-way places for such activities in order to keep them secret from the local population. But invariably some civilians knew what was going on.
Photo: Documentationsarchive des Osterreichischen Widerstandes / United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archive
The Nazis often ordered their victims to prepare bundles for their deportation journeys. In Drogobych, Ukraine, 3000 Jews were ordered to prepare for resettlement and subsequent work in the Pripet Marshes. Their bundles (pictured) never made it onto the train. The 3000 Jews were shipped not to the Pripet Marshes but to the gas chambers at Belzec.
Photo: YIVO / United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archive
While some Jews, such as Abba Kovner, sought to organize an underground resistance within the Vilna (Lithuania) Ghetto, others engaged in a different kind of community resistance. Struggling to maintain the spirits of fearful ghetto residents, Jews in Vilna organized a variety of community cultural activities. This poster, from August 1942, invites the community to attend a performance of the rhythmics and plastic arts group directed by Nina Gerstein.
Photo: Beth Hatefutsoth
 August 27, 1942: Several thousand Jews from Chortkov, Poland, are assembled in the town square and forced to witness the murders of the community's children; See August 28, 1942.
 August 27, 1942: The Soviet defense of Stalingrad stiffens as the German siege intensifies.
 August 27-28, 1942: Fourteen thousand Jews are killed at Sarny, Ukraine.
 August 28, 1942: World Jewish Congress (WJC) President Stephen S. Wise receives a cable from Swiss WJC representative Gerhart Riegner regarding the "Final Solution." Wise elects to suppress the information until it can be verified; See mid-November 1942.
 August 28, 1942: Ten thousand Jews are murdered at Miedzyrzec, Poland.
 August 28, 1942: Jews of Chortkov, Ukraine, are put into freight cars and transported to the death camp at Belzec.
 August 28, 1942: German authorities order the arrests of Parisian priests who have sheltered Jews.
1942: The "Final Solution"
 pg. 357 
The Holocaust Chronicle
© 2009 Publications International, Ltd.