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1942: The "Final Solution"
 pg. 377 
The Jews of Biala Podlaska, Poland, are assembled prior to their deportation to a death camp. On June 10, 1942, 3000 Jews were shipped to Sobibor. A further 6200 were shipped to the death camp at Treblinka in September and October. Biala Podlaska had a horrific history under Nazi rule: In January 1940 800 Polish POWs had been marched from an internment camp on Lipowa Street toward Biala Podlaska. Because of winter cold and indiscriminate abuse and murder by the SS, only a few dozen of the POWs lived to reach the town.
Photo: Yad Vashem / United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archive
Not all concentration-camp inmates were determined to survive. Devastated by the loss of loved ones, the inhuman conditions, and the barbarity they had witnessed, some chose to take their own lives. Others were ordered by their guards to run into the electrified fences--perhaps the case for the Dutch Jew pictured here. His life ended at the camp at Mauthausen, Austria, one of the harshest of the concentration camps.
Photo: National Archives / United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archive
The abandoned furniture of the Wloclawek (Poland) Ghetto is the sole reminder of those Jews who called this place home after the 3000 residents were deported on April 22, 1942. The stillness of the scene obscures the violence with which Jewish life in Wloclawek was tragically terminated.
Photo: National Museum of American Jewish History / United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archive
 October 2, 1942: At the Treblinka death camp, Jews from Zelechów, Poland, are murdered.
 October 3, 1942: The Polish ambassador to the Vatican details to Pope Pius XII (through a report through the secretariat of state) that the Germans have gassed thousands of Jews.
 October 4, 1942: Berlin orders that all Jews in concentration camps within Germany be deported to Auschwitz.
 October 6 and 9, 1942: Thousands of Jews from Miedzyrzec, Poland, are deported to the Treblinka death camp.
 October 9, 1942: In Brussels, Belgium, five of six leading members of the Belgian Jewish community are released from incarceration following the intervention of Cardinal Joseph-Ernst van Roey and Belgium's Queen Elizabeth.
1942: The "Final Solution"
 pg. 377 
The Holocaust Chronicle
© 2009 Publications International, Ltd.