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1942: The "Final Solution"
 pg. 379 
German Jews deported to the East had to leave their property behind. This photograph shows the auction of abandoned Jewish property in Hanau. The German government not only benefited from the profits brought by such sales, but, just as important from an ideological perspective, real estate was "Aryanized." The ability to purchase Jewish property at rock-bottom prices encouraged the local population to support the deportations.
Photo: Bildarchiv Preussischer Kulturbesitz / United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archive
Edwin Chwedyk was issued this identification bracelet, a leather strap with a metal tag and buckle, while imprisoned in the Majdanek concentration camp in Poland. After Chedwyk contracted typhoid, he was sent home; he died a short time later.
Photo: United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archive
Odilo Globocnik

Odilo Globocnik headed Operation Reinhard, the plan to exterminate the Jews of the Generalgouvernement. Born in Trieste, Globocnik joined the Nazi Party in 1931, became a member of the SS in 1934, and was appointed SS and police leader for Poland's Lublin district by Heinrich Himmler in 1939. His scandalous past (illegal currency dealings) and virulent antisemitism made him an ideal choice to head Operation Reinhard.

Globocnik founded the death camps at Belzec, Sobibór and Treblinka to facilitate the liquidation of Polish Jewry. His brutally efficient operations were so successful that the Nazis were able to shut down those camps in late 1942 and 1943.

Although Globocnik greatly enriched himself with the valuables stolen from the Jews, he too met an early death. Shortly after being captured by a British patrol in May 1945, Globocnik committed suicide by swallowing cyanide.

 October 16, 1942: The Nazis arrest more than 1000 Jews in Rome and deport them to Auschwitz.
 October 17, 1942: 1600 Jews from Buczacz, Ukraine, are murdered at the Belzec death camp.
 October 17, 1942: 405 Jews held in the Buchenwald and Sachsenhausen, Germany, concentration camps are deported to Auschwitz. Austrian-Jewish opera librettist Fritz Beda is among those deported from Buchenwald.
 October 18, 1942: Hitler issues Kommandobefehl ("Commando Order"), authorizing immediate execution of captured Allied Special Operations personnel, whether in or out of uniform.
 October 20, 1942: Twelve thousand Jews are murdered at Bar in the Transnistria region of the Ukraine.
 October 22, 1942: Icek and Fraidla Dobrzynska, Jewish parents of two children who had been deported from Poland's Lódz Ghetto in September 1942, commit suicide.
1942: The "Final Solution"
 pg. 379 
The Holocaust Chronicle
© 2009 Publications International, Ltd.