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1942: The "Final Solution"
 pg. 398 
"A Crucified Jew on a Swastika," an ink drawing by Holocaust survivor Joseph Bau, is an unequivocal symbol of the Nazis' merciless solution to the "Jewish Question."
Photo: Gerald Gustafson Photography
In some occupied countries, Nazi racial policy found a warm welcome among scientists pursuing dubious research in eugenics. Here, just to the left of a large portrait of Vichy France leader Philippe Pétain, Louis Darquier de Pellepoix, head of the Commissariat général aux questions juives (Office for Jewish Affairs), delivers the inaugural address at the opening of the Institute for Anthroposociology. The Institute was dedicated to the study of eugenics and race. To Pellepoix's left stands racial scientist Count Georges Vacher de Lapouge, who, at the beginning of the century, had urged scientists to engage in breeding to improve the human race.
Photo: La Documentation Francaise / United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archive
Admiral Jean François Darlan, commander-in-chief of the French Navy, served as prime minister in the Vichy government of Marshal Philippe Pétain from 1940 to 1942. After the reappointment of Pierre Laval as prime minister in April '42, Darlan resumed his position as head of the Navy. While in French North Africa, he played a dangerous game, urging the French Armed Forces not to resist the Allied invasion while at the same time continuing to represent the Vichy government. Regarded as a traitor by followers of both Pétain and Charles de Gaulle (the leader of the French government-in-exile), Darlan was assassinated by an opponent of the Vichy government, Olivier Bonnier de la Chapelle, in Algiers on December 24.
Photo: AP/Wide World
 December 12, 1942: Jewish prisoners at a labor camp in Lutsk, Ukraine, armed with knives, bricks, iron bars, acid, and several revolvers and sawed-off shotguns, revolt against Germans and Ukrainians. The uprising is crushed.
 December 13, 1942: German Propaganda Minister Joseph Goebbels complains in his diary about Italy's halfhearted persecution of Jews.
 December 15, 1942: Faked, upbeat postcard messages arrive at Jewish homes in Holland from friends and relatives interned at Auschwitz and the Theresienstadt, Czechoslovakia, camp/ghetto.
1942: The "Final Solution"
 pg. 398 
The Holocaust Chronicle
© 2009 Publications International, Ltd.