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1943: Death and Resistance
 pg. 424 
Awaiting deportation to Auschwitz, a young girl squeezes her face into the narrow space between the train doors for a last look at her surroundings. Beginning in February 1943, trains left the Westerbork, Holland, camp every Tuesday morning. The trains carried to the East their cargo of 2000 to 3000 Jews each. Told they were being sent to do forced labor in Germany, most deportees suspected otherwise. Monday nights were filled with terror and dread, as people waited to see if they were among those to be deported.
Photo: Ullstein Bilderdienst
E. Baskin, a radio operator for a Ukrainian partisan group, listens intently to a broadcast by the Soviet Information Bureau. Partisan units throughout Europe and particularly in the Soviet Union relied on radios to send and receive information. In addition, the ability to intercept German military broadcasts helped them to both evade capture and plan attacks against the enemy.
Photo: State Archives of the Russian Federation / United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archive
The inhumane living conditions created in the Polish ghettos and German concentration camps provoked some Jews to fight over crumbs of food and scraps of wood for heating. Here, Jews in Lódz battle for a few bits of wood. The dehumanization of European Jewry produced heart-wrenching incidents that would be unimaginable under normal conditions. Survivor/author Elie Wiesel relates the story of a boy who beat his father to death to secure a crust of bread.
Photo: YIVO / United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archive
 February 5-12, 1943: Following Jewish resistance, a combination of a street Aktion at Bialystok, Poland, and camp murders at Treblinka takes the lives of nearly 20,000 Jews.
 February 6, 1943: A marathon roll call at Auschwitz forces inmates to stand motionless in snow without food for over 13 hours. Many die on their feet and many others who are too weak to dash back to the barracks at day's end are sent to the gas chamber.
1943: Death and Resistance
 pg. 424 
The Holocaust Chronicle
© 2009 Publications International, Ltd.