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1943: Death and Resistance
 pg. 430 
Germany's allies played an important role in the perpetration of the Holocaust. This agreement is signed by Bulgarian Commissar for Jewish Affairs Aleksander Belev and German Plenipotentiary SS Haupsturmführer Theodor Dannecker. It is concerned with the deportation of 20,000 Jews from Thrace and Macedonia, newly annexed by Bulgaria, to Eastern Europe. Upon arriving in Occupied Europe, the Jews were murdered by the Nazis.
Photo: Organization of Jews in Bulgaria / United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archive
After their humiliating defeat at the hands of German forces in February 1943, U.S. forces, reinforced by the British troops of General Harold Alexander, rallied to retake the Kasserine Pass and block the German effort to capture Tébessa, Algeria. If the Germans had succeeded, they would have kept British and American troops from joining forces, a tactic key to winning the battle for Tunisia. Here, American soldiers salvage equipment.
Photo: AP/Wide World
Janine Putter, a refugee child from France, lights one of the memorial candles at a protest prayer service held in New York's Mecca Temple on February 22, 1943. More than 3000 children from 518 religious schools in the New York area attended the event to protest the treatment of children in Nazi-occupied Europe.
Photo: University of Minnesota Libraries / United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archive
 February 16, 1943: Theodor Eicke, inspector of concentration camps, dies in a plane crash.
 February 18, 1943: The anti-Nazi White Rose activities in Munich, Germany, culminate in the arrest of University of Munich students (and brother and sister) Hans and Sophie Scholl; See February 22, 1943.
 February 20, 1943: Crematorium II is completed at Auschwitz-Birkenau. It can burn 1440 bodies per day.
 February 22, 1943: White Rose student resistance leaders, the brother and sister Hans and Sophie Scholl, are beheaded in Munich, Germany; See Mid-July 1943.
 February 22, 1943: The Jewish community at Stanislawów, Ukraine, is annihilated.
1943: Death and Resistance
 pg. 430 
The Holocaust Chronicle
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