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1943: Death and Resistance
 pg. 453 
This flower-shaped cloth brooch was handmade by a young girl from Warsaw who was incarcerated at the Bergen-Belsen, Germany, concentration camp. Fellow inmate Sala Spett received the brooch as a present from her husband and children in May 1943. The family members traded a slice of bread for the brooch, an act that meant a day's hunger.
Photo: United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archive
These Jewish women and their babies were photographed in the Rothschild maternity hospital in Paris. All but one of a group of 40, Fanny Kraus--who managed to escape with her child--were shipped to Auschwitz in May 1943. They were among the nearly 50,000 Jews deported to Eastern Europe from France through June 1943. Most of them died in the gas chambers of Auschwitz and Chelmno.
Photo: Federation Nationale des Deportes et Internes Resistants / United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archive
 May 13, 1943: German and Italian troops surrender in Tunisia.
 May 15, 1943: Jewish ghetto police in Rohatyn, Poland, plot to acquire weapons with which to defend themselves; See June 6, 1943.
 May 16, 1943: SS-Brigadeführer Jürgen Stroop reports the final liquidation of the Jewish ghetto at Warsaw, although some Jews remain in hiding; See June 3, 1943.
 May 17, 1943: 395 Jews are deported from Berlin to the extermination camp at Auschwitz.
 May 18, 1943: Nearly every resident of the Polish farming village of Szarajowka is shot or burned alive by the SS, Wehrmacht troops, and Gestapo agents. After the massacre, the village is razed.
 May 19, 1943: In the House of Commons, the courageous Eleanor Rathbone attacks the British government for the defeatist attitudes expressed at the Bermuda Conference and notes that the Allies are responsible for the deaths of any Jews if they refuse to help.
1943: Death and Resistance
 pg. 453 
The Holocaust Chronicle
© 2009 Publications International, Ltd.