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1943: Death and Resistance
 pg. 455 
Bernard Geron (far right) was a Jewish boy hidden with a Dutch family, the Dufours. The woman in the picture, the family's governess, knew that he was Jewish but kept his secret. Geron survived the war and was reunited with his father and brother; his mother had perished.
Photo: Bernard Geron / United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archive
May 1943 marked a renewed effort on the part of the Nazis to deport Dutch Jews. Neither age nor disability provided a reprieve. Here, members of the Ordedienst (Jewish police), composed at its height of some 200 young Dutch and German men, carry an elderly woman to the train. Approximately 100,000 Jews passed through Westerbork, Netherlands, to the camps of the East, mostly Auschwitz and Sobibór.
Photo: Trudi Gidan / United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archive
The teacher of a heder (Jewish religious school) interacts with students in the Jewish Quarter of Casablanca, Morocco. Most of Morocco's 200,000 Jews lived in the French-controlled part of the country. Early in the war, Moroccan Jews were the victims of violence perpetrated by French nationalists. Jews were attacked and many were deported to labor camps.
Photo: United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archive
 May 21, 1943: Members of the Jewish community at Drogobych, Ukraine, are exterminated in the Bronica Forest.
 May 23, 1943: Nazi Aktionen kill thousands of Ukrainian Jews at Przemyslany and Lvov.
 May 24, 1943: A Jewish partisan group organized by Judith Nowogrodzka escapes from the Bialystok (Poland) Ghetto. The escape is led by Szymon Datner.
 May 24, 1943: The Germans end their submarine attacks on Allied Atlantic convoys.
 May 27, 1943: The Jews of Sokal, Ukraine, are deported to the Belzec death camp.
 May 27, 1943: Three thousand Jews are killed at Tolstoye, Ukraine.
 May 30, 1943: Dr. Josef Mengele, an SS captain, arrives at the Auschwitz-Birkenau death camp to begin his medical duties.
 May 31, 1943: SS General Friedrich Wilhelm Krüger tells associates at a meeting in Kraków, Poland, that, although the elimination of Jews is unpleasant, it is "necessary from the standpoint of European interests."
1943: Death and Resistance
 pg. 455 
The Holocaust Chronicle
© 2009 Publications International, Ltd.