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1944: Desperate Acts
 pg. 550 
A long line of Jews stretches from the Lódz (Poland) Ghetto toward the train station for deportation to Auschwitz. On August 7, 1944, Hans Biebow, the administrator of the ghetto, stood before the assembled Jews and proclaimed the "transfer of the ghetto" for work duty in munitions factories and other war industries. To further the deception and calm fears, Biebow even urged deportees to take along their utensils, pots, and pans so they could resume family life at their destination.
Photo: Ghetto FightersÕ House/United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archive
In France, the joy of liberation was followed by an outpouring of anger toward the Nazis and those who had collaborated with them. In Laval, this woman, accused of aiding the Germans, is forced by members of the Resistance and the local populace to march through the town, wearing a large swastika on her clothing.
Photo: National Archives/United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archive
Joop Westerweel (pictured), a Dutch gentile, along with Joachim Simon, a Jew, oversaw an underground operation based in Holland. They saved Dutch Jews by smuggling them over the French border and on to neutral Spain. From there, many of these refugees sailed across the Atlantic to safety in the Americas. The Nazis ultimately captured Westerweel and executed him on August 11, 1944, bringing a halt to this successful operation.
Photo: Yad Vashem
 August 6, 1944: As the Soviet Red Army advances westward, the SS begins to drive Eastern Poland's concentration-camp inmates to the concentration camp at Stutthof, Germany.
 August 6-8, 1944: Forty-four Jews held at the Kaiserwald camp near Riga, Latvia, are loaded onto boats for a two-day journey along the Baltic coast to Stutthof, Germany.
 August 9, 1944: A Warsaw death train en route to Dachau, Germany, since August 4 arrives at the camp; 2000 of 3600 on board have died.
1944: Desperate Acts
 pg. 550 
The Holocaust Chronicle
© 2009 Publications International, Ltd.