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1944: Desperate Acts
 pg. 565 
Oskar Schindler poses with his horse at "Emalia," his enamelware factory. Known for his cosmopolitan tastes and love of luxury, Schindler also recognized the need surrounding him, reaching out in small gestures of humanity to his workers. Leon Leyson, then a boy working in the factory, vividly recalls how Schindler repeatedly intervened to save him and his family, even remembering to order an extra ration of soup for the hungry boy.
Photo: Prof. Leopold Pfefferberg-Page Collection/United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archive
This factory at 4 Lipowa Street in Kraków, Poland, provided a refuge for those Jews fortunate enough to work for Oskar Schindler, a Sudeten German and Nazi Party member. Using cheap Jewish labor, Schindler succeeded in making a fortune, but later expended his enormous wealth to protect his laborers from deportation and death. In October 1944, as the Nazis accelerated their destruction of Kraków's Jews, Schindler bribed Nazi authorities to allow him to move his factory and some 1100 workers to safety in Brünnlitz in the Sudetenland.
Photo: Leopold Page Photographic Collection/United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archive
The secretarial staff of Oskar Schindler's enamelware factory in Kraków assembles for a group photograph. Intensely loyal to the people who worked for him, Schindler risked his own life to rescue his 300 female workers when they were mistakenly sent on a train to Auschwitz, instead of to safety in Brünnlitz in the Sudetenland, where Schindler had opened his new factory.
Photo: Leopold Page Photographic Collection/United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archive
 October 13, 1944: Soviet troops liberate Riga, Latvia.
 October 14, 1944: In Hungary, the Horthy government promises to release imprisoned Jewish-Palestinian paratroopers; See October 15, 1944.
 October 15, 1944: The Hungarian Fascist group Arrow Cross is installed in power by the Nazis following a request to the Allies by Hungarian leader Admiral Miklós Horthy for armistice terms. A Hungarian Nazi, Ferenc Szálasi, is installed as regent.
 October 16-26, 1944: Germans and members of the Fascist Nyilas group prohibit Jews in Budapest, Hungary, from leaving their homes. Many Jewish slave laborers are killed by Nyilas members on a bridge linking Buda with Pest.
1944: Desperate Acts
 pg. 565 
The Holocaust Chronicle
© 2009 Publications International, Ltd.