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1944: Desperate Acts
 pg. 571 
Eliyahu Dobkin, a member of the Jewish Agency Executive, towers over his young charges as they prepare to sail from Lisbon, Portugal, to Palestine aboard the Portuguese ship Guine. Smuggled out of France by the French underground, these children had already survived enormous peril. In spite of overwhelming obstacles, the Jewish Agency Executive managed to secure ships and bring more than 3500 refugees to Palestine by the end of 1944.
Photo: Yad Vashem/United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archive
This photograph, snapped from Raoul Wallenberg's automobile, shows a group of Budapest Jews rescued from deportation to a death camp. When they arrived at the train station for their fateful journey, the Jews were given Schutzpässe by Wallenberg's Swedish diplomatic delegation. Here, they return to the international ghetto in Budapest, populated by non-Hungarian Jews.
Photo: Thomas Veres/United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archive
Jews assemble on the platform of Budapest's Jósefváros station. Raoul Wallenberg can be seen on the right, with his hands behind his back. These Jews are being issued Swedish Schutzpässe, which will save them from deportation. Many were saved, but many more were not. Even holders of passes issued by Wallenberg and other "neutral" diplomats were not necessarily safe, as Arrow Cross thugs honored or ignored the paperwork as the mood struck them.
Photo: Thomas Veres/United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archive
 November 3, 1944: A trainload of Jews from the labor camp at Sered, Slovakia, arrives at Auschwitz. Because the camp's gas chambers are being dismantled, the 990 Jews on board are sent to work or to barracks rather than to their deaths.
 November 4, 1944: Szolnok, Hungary, is liberated by Soviet troops.
 November 4, 1944: After being forced to dig their own graves, hundreds of Jews from the copper-mine labor camp at Bor, Hungary, are shot or beaten to death at Györ, Hungary. Among the victims is a noted poet named Miklós Radnóti, age 35.
 November 6, 1944: Hungary's Arrow Cross murders 19 Jews in Budapest and drives close to 30,000 toward the old Austrian border.
 November 7, 1944: Zionist poet Hannah Szenes is executed by the Arrow Cross in Budapest, Hungary, after parachuting into the country on a resistance mission for the British.
1944: Desperate Acts
 pg. 571 
The Holocaust Chronicle
© 2009 Publications International, Ltd.