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1945: Liberation and Rebuilding
 pg. 587 
As Allied troops approached the Klooga, Estonia, concentration camp in January 1945, guards hurriedly murdered Soviet men, women, and children interned there, and carefully arranged the corpses on pyres that the victims themselves had been forced to construct. Note the alternating arrangement of bodies and logs, for maximum burn effect.
Photo: UPI / Corbis-Bettmann
The final meeting of the "Big Three," Winston Churchill, Franklin Roosevelt, and Joseph Stalin, took place at Yalta, Ukraine, in February 1945. At this conference the three Allied powers made plans regarding the composition of postwar Europe, including finalizing arrangements for the occupation of postwar Germany. The Soviet Union also agreed to enter the war against Japan once the conflict in Europe was over.
Photo: National Archives/United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archive
The Soviets liberated Budapest, Hungary, in January and February 1945. Upon arrival, the Red Army discovered thousands of Jews who had been murdered by the Nazis. Although it became quite common for the Allied armies to uncover grisly evidence of the crimes committed by the Germans, even the most battle-hardened soldiers could not view such scenes impassively.
Photo: Bundesarchiv
A Star of David marks a safe house on Kossuth Platz in Budapest, Hungary. In the last months of the war, diplomats--especially the Swedes and the Swiss--sought to protect as many Jews as possible from the rampant violence unleashed by the Arrow Cross, the Hungarian Fascists. When the city fell to the Soviets early in 1945, some 120,000 Jews survived to be liberated, among them 25,000 in safe houses.
Photo: Yad Vashem
1945: Liberation and Rebuilding
 pg. 587 
The Holocaust Chronicle
© 2009 Publications International, Ltd.