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1945: Liberation and Rebuilding
 pg. 608 
These physically and psychologically abused men were among those liberated from the Dachau, Germany, concentration camp by the U.S. Army on April 29, 1945. One American soldier said the camp's inmates "were skin and bones." Many of the survivors had lived for months on starvation rations. A large percentage of them died even after being liberated.
Photo: Philip Drell
Former prisoners often seized opportunities for revenge against camp guards. This German, previously a guard at Dachau, was beaten by inmates who, against the odds, had survived his cruelty.
Photo: Philip Drell
Thirty minutes after the camp's liberation, a human body continues to burn in one of Dachau's crematorium ovens. As the death toll mounted, the Nazis kept Dachau's ovens operating night and day. Still, it was not nearly enough to dispose of the bodies of the hundreds who were dying each day.
Photo: William Landgren/ United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archive
 April 16, 1945: The Red Army launches its final assault on Berlin.
 April 16, 1945: French forces enter Nuremberg, Germany, onetime site of mammoth Nazi Party rallies.
 April 16, 1945: The camp at Johanngeorgenstadt, Germany, is evacuated to Theresienstadt, Czechoslovakia. More than 60 inmates from this group are killed in the village of Buchau, Czechoslovakia.
 April 18, 1945: Nazis initiate a death march of prisoners from Schwarzheide, Germany, to Theresienstadt, Czechoslovakia; See May 6, 1945.
1945: Liberation and Rebuilding
 pg. 608 
The Holocaust Chronicle
© 2009 Publications International, Ltd.