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1945: Liberation and Rebuilding
 pg. 629 
Vidkun Quisling led the National Socialist movement in Norway, helping to establish the German occupation of his country in 1940. Over the next five years, thousands of Norwegian patriots died resisting the Nazi occupation. On June 19, 1945, Quisling was forced to view some of the mass graves of those murdered during the occupation. On October 24 the traitor Quisling paid for his crimes when he was executed.
Photo: AP/Wide World
Ferenc Szálasi is arrested on October 5, 1945. Szálasi headed a Nazi puppet government in Hungary that overthrew Admiral Miklós Horthy's regime, one that had curtailed the deportation of Jews to Auschwitz and sought peace with the Soviets. In the fall of 1944, Szálasi's regime force-marched tens of thousands of Jews to their deaths.
Photo: The New York Times
British Lieutenant General Sir Frederick Morgan, seen here, was appointed to the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA) directorate late in the summer of 1945, some two years after the organization's creation. Although the end of the war had been anticipated long before hostilities ceased, UNRRA was initially overwhelmed by the vast numbers of displaced persons who were housed in DP camps, or who wandered former battlegrounds and captive nations.
Photo: United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archive
 August 6, 1945: An American B-29 drops an atomic bomb on Hiroshima, Japan.
 August 8, 1945: The Allies meet to develop a charter for an International Military Tribunal to try German war criminals.
 August 8, 1945: The Soviets declare war on Japan, to take effect on August 9.
 August 9, 1945: An American B-29 drops an atomic bomb on Nagasaki, Japan.
 August 11, 1945: Anti-Jewish riots erupt in Kraków, Poland.
 August 27, 1945: Hermann Göring is the first Nuremberg defendant to be interrogated intensively by the Allies.
 Autumn 1945: Reich chief physician Leonardo Conti, who killed hundreds of Germans of "unsound mind," commits suicide.
1945: Liberation and Rebuilding
 pg. 629 
The Holocaust Chronicle
© 2009 Publications International, Ltd.