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1938: The End of Illusions
 pg. 131 
With increasing persecution, many Jews sought refuge in Palestine. However, the British were fearful of alienating their Arab allies and hence resisted opening up Palestine as a Jewish homeland. An expanding Jewish population angered Arabs, who were also spurred to action by Nazi propaganda. Beginning in 1936, there were sustained attacks on Jewish communities. In an effort both to protect and to control the Jewish population, the British required travel permits. Here, Jews of Haifa are pictured waiting for their permits, without which they could not legally leave the city.
Photo: UPI/Corbis-Bettmann
Promoting the caricature of the Jew as puppet master, this cartoon from a Budapest, Hungary, antisemitic publication played on people's fears and animosities. The rich Jew is pictured as manipulating all society. Under racist Prime Minister Gyula Gömbös, who controlled the government from 1932 to 1939, Hungary pursued a policy of economic and political cooperation with Germany. In May 1938 Hungary, following the German example, enacted a law restricting Jewish participation in the country's economic life.
Photo: Orzagos Szecheny, Konyvtar, Budapest/United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archive
A wary Warsaw Jew peers from his doorway toward his son, who signals that members of the antisemitic Endecja (National Democrats) movement are approaching. Fiercely nationalist and with a mono-ethnic vision of Poland, Endecja was hostile to minorities, and especially to Jews, who they saw as an obstacle to their goals.
Photo: American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee/United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archive
 July 1938: Under a proposal called the Sosua Project, the Dominican Republic offers to accept 100,000 European Jewish refugees, to be settled in an area near Santo Domingo, in return for payment of millions of dollars from the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC). (Under the plan, only about 500 Jews will be admitted to the Dominican Republic before the country halts immigration in 1940.)
 July 14, 1938: Recognizing the intent of the Evian Conference nations in regard to the Jews, a Nazi newspaper headlines: "JEWS FOR SALE AT A BARGAIN PRICE--WHO WANTS THEM? NO ONE."
 July 23, 1938: Jews in Germany are ordered to apply for identity cards to be shown to police on demand.
1938: The End of Illusions
 pg. 131 
The Holocaust Chronicle
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