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1941: Mass Murder
 pg. 214 
Metropolitan Cyril of Plovdiv, Bulgaria, a member of the supreme body of the Orthodox church, protested his country's antisemitic legislation. He was joined by other clerics and a wide range of professionals and politicians in his campaign against the proposed legislation. In spite of the widespread opposition to the racial laws, the Bulgarian government placed its relationship with Germany above all other concerns and implemented the legislation on January 21, 1941.
Photo: Organization of Jews in Bulgaria / United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archive
An honorary SS general, Erich Koch was the most important Nazi official in East Prussia, and was Reichskommissar for the Ukraine. A German leader in the genocide of Slavic peoples, he was also responsible for murdering hundreds of thousands of Poles and Ukrainians. Koch said, "We are a master race, which must remember that the lowliest German worker is racially and biologically a thousand times more valuable than the population here [the Ukraine]." Koch escaped arrest immediately after the war but was captured by the British in 1949. Finally tried in 1958 and sentenced to death the following year, his sentence was commuted to life in prison. He died in a Polish prison in 1986.
Photo: United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archive
Dimo Kazassov of Bulgaria delivers a speech in protest of the Jewish laws enacted in 1940. The Law for the Defense of the Nation deprived Bulgarian Jews of their civil rights. Kazassov's written protest to the prime minister was rejected. Kazassov continued his efforts on behalf of Bulgarian Jewry, and he played a key role in preventing their deportation later in the war.
Photo: Organization of Jews in Bulgaria / United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archive
 1941: Maximilian Kolbe, a Roman Catholic priest interned at the Auschwitz, Poland, death camp and who volunteered to take the place of a condemned non-Jewish inmate, dies of a phenol injection.
 1941: The first issue of Sztandar Wolnosci (Banner of Freedom), a Polish-language publication of the Jewish Resistance in Vilna, Lithuania, is published.
 1941: In Holland, a collaborationist auxiliary police force, Landwacht (Home Guard), is established.
 January 1941: Denied fuel, Jews in the Warsaw Ghetto are freezing to death.
 January 9, 1941: Adolf Hitler officially abandons Seelöwe (Sea Lion), the German plan for an invasion of England.
1941: Mass Murder
 pg. 214 
The Holocaust Chronicle
© 2009 Publications International, Ltd.