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1941: Mass Murder
 pg. 224 
German General Erwin Rommel was named to command the Afrika Korps in North Africa. His role was to help the Italians defeat the British, which he did brilliantly beginning in 1941.The offensive he undertook at the end of March led him 12 days later to the Egyptian border. Germany suddenly threatened British control not only of the Suez but of the entire eastern Mediterranean. In the fall of 1942, however, Rommel was plagued by lack of supplies and was defeated by the British at El Alamein. Hitler ordered him back to Europe, where he was put in charge of German forces defending against a cross-Channel Allied invasion. Discovered to have connections to the July 1944 conspirators against Hitler, Rommel was blackmailed into suicide.
Photo: United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archive
The German occupation of Yugoslavia in April 1941 enabled the leader of the Croatian Fascist Ustasa movement, Ante Pavelic, to proclaim an independent Croatian state. Pavelic collaborated closely with the Nazis and, shortly after assuming power, implemented anti-Jewish legislation that was modeled on the Nuremberg Laws.
Photo: Muzej Revolucije Narodnosti Jugoslavije / United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archive
Greek civilians are lined up by German paratroopers in preparation for their executions. The occupation of Greece in late April 1941 was swift and brutal. Perceived opponents were ruthlessly eliminated, and the civilian population was divided into three zones of occupation: Italian, German, and Bulgarian.
Photo: Main Commission for the Investigation of Nazi War Crimes / United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archive
 Late March 1941: A Jewish ghetto at Lublin, Poland, is established.
 April 1941: A men's annex is established at the Ravensbrück, Germany, concentration camp.
 April 1941: Yugoslavian collaborationists led by Vladko Macek establish Hrvatska Zastita (Croat Militia), a paramilitary force.
 April 1941: Seven Warsaw Jews smuggle themselves into Bratislava, Slovakia, and from there to safety in Palestine.
 April 1941: The first Croatian concentration camp begins operation, at Danica. Four more Croat camps are opened, at Loborgrad, Jadovno, Gradiska, and Djakovo.
 April 1, 1941: A pro-Axis officer clique seizes power in Iraq, and prepares airfields for German use.
1941: Mass Murder
 pg. 224 
The Holocaust Chronicle
© 2009 Publications International, Ltd.