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1941: Mass Murder
 pg. 275 

The Germans established the Lódz (Poland) Ghetto in early 1940, entrapping 150,000 Jews. In 1941 and '42, nearly 40,000 more Jews were deported to Lódz from Berlin, Vienna, Prague, and other areas.
Joseph Goebbels speaks at the opening ceremonies of 1941's German Book Week, held in Weimar in October. German books had, by this time, been thoroughly "Aryanized," and works written by Jewish authors had been banned. The goal of publishing, like every other area of German cultural life, was to instill a virulent antisemitism in the German people, and books increasingly became another medium for Nazi propaganda.
Photo: SYddeutscher Verlag Bilderdienst
Arthur Nebe

From June to November 1941, Arthur Nebe commanded Einsatzgruppe B, operating around Minsk, Belorussia, and along the Moscow front. In those five months, Nebe's unit executed over 45,000 Jews.

After completing his assignment in Russia, Nebe returned to his duties as head of the Criminal Police. During Heinrich Himmler's visit to Minsk, Nebe staged the shooting execution of 100 people for the Reichsführer's viewing. Himmler, sickened at the sight, became particularly distressed over two women not killed outright. He then instructed Nebe to find more "humane" methods of killing. When given the task of ending the suffering of insane-asylum inmates, Nebe used dynamite on the mentally ill.

Involved in the plot against Hitler, Nebe was himself apparently executed in 1945. He may have survived, however, as witnesses reported seeing him in Italy in 1956 and Ireland in 1960.
Photo: Ullstein Bilderdienst / United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archive

 October 23, 1941: Thousands of Jews are murdered at Kragujevac, Yugoslavia.
 October 23-25, 1941: At Odessa, Ukraine, thousands of Jews are killed.
 October 24-25, 1941: Sixteen thousand Odessa, Ukraine, Jews are force-marched out of the city toward Dalnik, where they are bound together in groups of 40 to 50 and shot, at first in the open and later through holes drilled in the walls of warehouses. Three of these structures are set ablaze and a fourth is exploded by artillery fire.
 October 25, 1941: Jews at Tatarsk in Soviet Russia revolt against murderous peasants and SS kill squads. The rebellion is put down by regular German Army units, artillery, and air power. All Jews in Tatarsk are murdered.
 October 25, 1941: SS officer Viktor Brack, a member of Hitler's Chancellery, concocts a poison-gas program with which to address the "Jewish question." Brack's notion is supported by Alfred Wetzel, of the Ministry for the Occupied Eastern Territories, and by SS functionary Adolf Eichmann.
1941: Mass Murder
 pg. 275 
The Holocaust Chronicle
© 2009 Publications International, Ltd.