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1944: Desperate Acts
 pg. 522 

After Germany occupied Hungary on March 19, 1944, the country's Jews (except those in Budapest) were ordered into ghettos. From May 15 to July 9, more than 430,000 Hungarian Jews were deported, mostly to the gas chambers of Auschwitz.
The process of ghettoization and deportation proceeded remarkably quickly in Hungary, and Jews were usually shipped out just a few days after being forced into ghettos. This photograph shows Moritz Goldstein and his son Endre in the ghetto in Debrecen. Moritz and his wife, Matilde, had four sons, only one of whom, Ernst, survived the war. He immigrated to the United States in 1946.
Photo: Jacquelyn Gervay/United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archive
On March 19, 1944, the Nazis occupied Hungary and began to draw up plans for the annihilation of that country's 725,000 Jews, who had been largely unmolested until then. Most of these Jews were deported to Auschwitz, the largest of the death camps. This map shows the police districts into which the Nazis divided Hungary for the purpose of efficiently transporting the nation's Jews.
Photo: Ferenc Katona/United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archive
 April 15, 1944: Jewish slave laborers forced to exhume corpses of murdered Jews and Soviet POWs at the Ponary, Lithuania, killing ground, near Vilna, mount an escape attempt. Of the 40 who manage to enter a secret tunnel dug into the side of the burial pit, 15 reach nearby woods. Most of these join partisan groups; See April 20, 1944.
 April 15, 1944: In Hungary, tens of thousands of Jews are forced from their homes and into ghettos.
1944: Desperate Acts
 pg. 522 
The Holocaust Chronicle
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