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1939: The War Against The Jews
 pg. 155 
As part of a propaganda effort to ready Germany's civilian populace for war, ration cards were issued in 1939. This card, issued to 26-year-old Brunhilde Brandt in Berlin, stipulated the number of products that she could purchase, from milk to potatoes to sugar. Ration cards brought home the need for sacrifice on the home front, as well as on the battle front.
Photo: AP/Wide World
German passports issued to Jews became invalid after October 5, 1938, unless stamped with a "J" indicating the Jewish origin of the bearer. This passport, granted to Lore Oppenheimer of Hildesheim in 1939, allowed Oppenheimer to emigrate to the United States via the United Kingdom. Note that the middle name is given as "Sara" in accordance with German law.
Photo: United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archive
A department of the SS, the Rasse- und Siedlungshauptamt (RuSHA; Main Office for Race and Resettlement) was originally charged with maintaining the racial purity of the SS. Following German expansion to the East, it orchestrated "Germanization" of the newly conquered areas and monitored the welfare of the settlers. Ethnic Germans were transplanted to areas designated for settlement by the SS. Here, a female representative of the Nazi Party and an official of RuSHA explain the new measures to several ethnic German (Volksdeutsch) women in German-occupied Poland.
Photo: SYddeutscher Verlag Bilderdienst
 January 24, 1939: Nazi Generalfeldmarschall Hermann Göring orders Reinhard Heydrich to establish a Jewish Emigration Office. Heydrich appoints Gestapo chief Heinrich Müller to head it.
 January 30, 1939: On the sixth anniversary of his appointment as chancellor, Hitler threatens in the Reichstag that if war breaks out, the result will be the extermination of Europe's Jews. Ridiculing the Western Allies' lack of humanitarian action in regard to the Jews, he notes that "it is a shameful spectacle to see how the whole democratic world is oozing sympathy for the poor, tormented Jewish people, but remains hard-hearted and obdurate when it comes to helping them."
 February 3, 1939: A bomb destroys a Budapest, Hungary, synagogue, killing one worshipper.
 February 7-20, 1939: The St. James Palace Conference is held in London to find a peaceful solution to the political stalemate in Palestine. Jewish delegates withdraw when Arab delegates refuse to meet with their Jewish counterparts--and when British delegates support the Arab position.
1939: The War Against The Jews
 pg. 155 
The Holocaust Chronicle
© 2009 Publications International, Ltd.