Home Contact Us
Index Purchase Info
About Site About Us
Appendices Credits
Further Reading Links
Special Features
By Keyword:

Page Number:
Click on an image to see a larger, more detailed picture.
1940: Machinery of Hatred
 pg. 196 
Gypsy families from western and northwestern Germany gather at an assembly point in Hohenasperg to await deportation to the Generalgouvernement in Poland. Like Jews, Gypsies were seen as a threat to the purity of "Aryan" blood, and therefore were targeted for extermination. Beginning as early as 1936, Gypsies living in Germany had been sent to the Dachau, Germany, concentration camp as "asocials." Some 5000 Gypsies were eventually sent to the Lódz (Poland) Ghetto and were among the first selected to die by gassing in the Chelmno, Poland, death camp.
Photo: Bundesarchiv / United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archive
Cots surround the bima of the synagogue at 27 Nalewki Street in Warsaw, Poland. Overcrowding, hunger, and disease dominated Jewish life as the Germans moved some 90,000 Jews from other areas of Poland into Warsaw. These conditions worsened in October with the formation of the ghetto. Some 30 percent of the population lived in less than 2.5 percent of the city.
Photo: Yad Vashem / United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archive
A young Jewish father stares bleakly into an uncertain future while holding his child in his arms. Child rearing in the ghettos of Poland subjected parents to an endless array of anxieties and cruel choices. Children were the first to be deported and often were the targets of sadistic soldiers. Parents were deprived of adequate food, clothing, and the freedom needed to nurture young human beings, and thus were incapable of protecting their children from tragic and unfortunate existences. The memories of suffering and abandoned children plagued all those who experienced life in the Polish ghettos.
Photo: YIVO Institute for Jewish Research / United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archive
 May 27, 1940: One hundred British prisoners of war are murdered by German troops at Le Paradis, France.
 May 28, 1940: Belgium surrenders to Germany.
 May-December 1940: Thousands of Polish Jews are sent eastward as forced laborers to construct fortifications along the new Soviet frontier.
 May 1940-March 1941: 40,000 Jews are deported from Kraków, Poland.
1940: Machinery of Hatred
 pg. 196 
The Holocaust Chronicle
© 2009 Publications International, Ltd.