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1941: Mass Murder
 pg. 243 
The portraits of Fascist leaders Benito Mussolini, Adolf Hitler, Corneliu Codreanu, and Romanian dictator Ion Antonescu adorn the facade of Carroll University in Bucharest, Romania. The portraits were raised during a pro-Antonescu rally held on June 27, 1941. The rally coincided with the extermination of the Jews of Iasi, Romania, carried out by Antonescu's Iron Guard Legionnaires, German soldiers, and Iasi police and residents. The reason for the atrocity was a groundless charge that the Jews had signaled Russian aircraft that bombed the city.
Photo: Romania Library of the Academy / United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archive
A pile of corpses dumped from an Iasi death train in Romania is evidence of the Iron Cross's murderous campaigns against the Jews. From June 29 through July 7, 260 Jews were murdered in their homes and thousands of others were beaten and robbed as they were marched through Iasi's streets. The pogrom ended when 2500 Jews were sealed inside railcars and sent south. Deprived of food and water, fewer than half of the Jews survived the eight-day journey.
Photo: Knapstein / United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archive
The surviving prisoners of the Iasi death train plunge into the mud near the train tracks. Deprived of food, water, sanitary facilities, and fresh air, the occupants were allowed to disembark for a few minutes when the train stopped. Burning and dehydrated, they immediately sought refuge in the cool mud before returning to the torture chamber of sealed railcars.
Photo: American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee / United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archive
1941: Mass Murder
 pg. 243 
The Holocaust Chronicle
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