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1941: Mass Murder
 pg. 263 
A group of young children gaze out at the photographer just prior to their execution by an Einsatzkommando. An estimated one million Jewish children died in the Holocaust, most of them in the gas chambers of the death camps. As the Germans swept into Soviet territory, they sometimes turned the task of killing Jewish children over to their Ukrainian allies.
Photo: Central State Archive of Film, Photo and Phonographic Documents / United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archive
As part of their campaign to build support for antisemitic measures, the Nazis opened an exposition in Paris entitled Le Juif et la France (The Jew and France).
Photo: Beth Hatefutsoth
In its first days Le Juif et la France drew 100,000 Parisians. Exhibits appealed to French patriotism by portraying the Jew as the enemy, a monster intent on destroying France.
Photo: TAL/Archive France/Archive Photos
 September 7, 1941: British Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden notes that "if we must have preferences, let me murmur in your ear that I prefer Arabs to Jews."
 September 12, 1941: German General Wilhelm Keitel exhorts his commanders in the East to be "ruthless" in their treatment of Jews.
 September 12, 1941: 3434 Jews are taken from Vilna, Lithuania, to nearby Ponary and executed.
 September 13, 1941: Suspicious that the Allies may be decoding its radio messages, Berlin orders German commanders in the Soviet Union to send future reports of Nazi executions of Jews and other Soviet civilians by courier instead of radio.
 September 13, 1941: Eleven members of the Jewish Council of Piotrkow, Poland, who had cooperated with the city's Jewish underground, are executed following two months of Gestapo torture.
 September 13, 1941: Charles and Anne Lindbergh, members of the America First Committee, attend a rally in Des Moines, Iowa, at which Lindbergh blames the Jews for "agitating for war...for reasons that are not American....Their greatest danger to this country lies in their large ownership and influence in our motion pictures, our press, our radio, and our government."
1941: Mass Murder
 pg. 263 
The Holocaust Chronicle
© 2009 Publications International, Ltd.