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1941: Mass Murder
 pg. 271 
The daughter of Klara and Joseph Halef-Miropolsky , Mania Halef, here shown in a 1936 photograph, was only seven years old when shot at Babi Yar. The Nazis believed it especially important to murder children, who represented, in their minds, the future of the Jewish "race."
Photo: Yelena Brusilovsky / United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archive
The 33,771 victims of the Babi Yar massacre included Jews of all ages and from all walks of life. The perpetrators showed no mercy for the elderly, women, or even children. Among those murdered were Klara Halef-Miropolsky and her husband, Joseph.
Photo: Yelena Brusilovsky / United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archive
Rakhil Mikhailovna Boorakovskaya was among the thousands of women killed in the Babi Yar massacre.
Photo: Babi Yar Society, Kiev / United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archive
 October 4, 1941: Fifteen hundred Jews from Kovno, Lithuania, are transported to the Ninth Fort and murdered. In Kovno proper, Nazis lock the Jewish hospital and set it ablaze, incinerating all inside.
 October 6-7, 1941: The majority of Jews in Dvinsk, Latvia, are murdered.
 October 8, 1941: The Vitebsk (Belorussia) Ghetto is liquidated; more than 16,000 Jews are killed.
 October 9, 1941: Hans Frank, governor-general of Occupied Poland, tells ministers of the German Generalgouvernement that Jews "must be done away with one way or another."
 October 10, 1941: Field Marshal Walter von Reichenau, commander of the German Sixth Army, issues a directive emphasizing the need for harsh treatment of "Jewish subhumanity."
 October 10, 1941: Thousands of Slovak Jews are sent to labor camps at Sered, Vyhne, and Nováky.
 October 10, 1941: Slovak, Bohemian, and Moravian Jews are forced from their homes and into ghettos.
1941: Mass Murder
 pg. 271 
The Holocaust Chronicle
© 2009 Publications International, Ltd.