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1941: Mass Murder
 pg. 272 
Winter comes early to the Ukraine, so in October of 1941 this little Jewish girl at Lubny already is bundled against the cold. More than chill air threatens her, however, for she is part of a group awaiting execution at the hands of a Nazi kill squad, probably Sonderkommando 4a, which was active in the Lubny, Ukraine, region in the latter half of October. An official genocide update, euphemistically titled "Operational Situational Report USSR No. 132," describes October Sonderkommando activities in the area, and the liquidation of 1363 Ukrainian Jews, Communists, and partisans.
Photo: Hessisches Hauptsaatsarchiv Wiesbaden / United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archive
German soldiers struggle to free their vehicle from the mud during the German attack on the Soviet Union in 1941. Despite the early successes of Operation Barbarossa, the Germans were unprepared for the rigors of the Russian climate. They would be defeated in Russia as much by the weather as by the Soviet Armed Forces.
Photo: Ullstein Bilderdienst / United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archive
Christian Wirth was a central figure in the Nazi extermination programs. Wirth joined the NSDAP in 1931 and worked for the Stuttgart division of the Gestapo (the Secret Police). As a member of the T-4 euthanasia program, Wirth experimented with gassing those classified as unfit for human life. He organized the first euthanasia installations outside of Germany and supervised the killing installations at the Chelmno, Belzec, Sobibór, and Treblinka death camps. He was assassinated by Yugoslav partisans in 1944.
Photo: Documentationsarchiv des Osterreichischen Widerstandes / United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archive
 October 11, 1941: A Jewish ghetto at Chernovtsy, Romania, is established.
 October 11, 1941: Thousands of Jews are murdered at Edineti, Romania.
 October 12, 1941: Following the extermination by Gestapo agents and Ukrainian militia of 10,000 to 12,000 Jews at burial pits outside of Stanislawów, Ukraine, German perpetrators throw a "Bloody Sunday" victory celebration.
 October 12, 1941: At Sabac, Yugoslavia, hundreds of Gypsies are murdered.
 October 12, 1941: Three thousand Jews are killed at Sheparovtse, Ukraine.
 October 13, 1941: Fifteen thousand Jews are murdered at Dnepropetrovsk, Ukraine.
1941: Mass Murder
 pg. 272 
The Holocaust Chronicle
© 2009 Publications International, Ltd.