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1942: The "Final Solution"
 pg. 314 
This and the two images that follow are from the April 1942 trial of 27 members of the French Resistance. The tribunal was composed of German military officers.
Photo: Beth Hatefutsoth
Evidence at the trial included what appears to be a timer for a bomb. Whether seized from the defendants or the creation of the prosecution, the device was likely little more than window dressing, for Nazi courts did not subscribe to the legal philosophy of "innocent until proved guilty."
Photo: Beth Hatefutsoth
Of the trials's 27 defendants, 25 were sentenced to death; two of the defendants were Jewish. Here, heavily guarded Resistance members leave the courtroom after the trial. Although the verdicts were unhappy ones for the defendants and for the Resistance, they hardly heralded the end of French opposition to the German-controlled puppet government. At about this time collaborationist politician Pierre Laval reinstalled himself--with Hitler's support--as the chief of the Vichy government at about this time, which only spurred heightened Resistance activity.
Photo: Beth Hatefutsoth
 April 18, 1942: In the Warsaw Ghetto, 52 people on a wanted list are dragged from their beds and killed. This will become known as "The Night of Blood."
 April 18, 1942: One thousand Jews who leave the Theresienstadt, Czechoslovakia, camp/ghetto by train for a ghetto at Rejowiec, Poland, are diverted to the death camp at Sobibór.
 April 18, 1942: Disgusted with the inability to take Leningrad, Hitler relieves Field Marshal Wilhelm von Leeb of command of German forces in north Russia.
 April 20, 1942: At a birthday banquet for Hitler in East Prussia, Hermann Göring announces that he was responsible for the Reichstag fire of February 27, 1933, that set off Nazi reprisals against purported Communist subversion.
1942: The "Final Solution"
 pg. 314 
The Holocaust Chronicle
© 2009 Publications International, Ltd.