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1942: The "Final Solution"
 pg. 315 
Joseph Goebbels's Propaganda Ministry churned out filmstrips that played upon traditional anti-Jewish stereotypes. This frame depicts a middle-aged Jewish man lounging leisurely with a younger gentile woman. The caption, "Jews have always been race defilers," plays on the myth that Jewish men seduced gentile women.
Photo: Roland Klemig / United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archive
This next frame portrays an overweight, unattractive man of mixed race on the left and a healthy "Aryan" youth on the right. The image demonstrates the Nazi desire to keep the Aryan "race" pure.
Photo: Roland Klemig / United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archive
Joseph Goebbels

Joseph Goebbels was the most ardent member of Hitler's inner circle. Cunning and amoral, he was a masterful manipulator whose control of German media rallied the populace to the cause of Nazism, and threw gasoline on the fires of antisemitism.

Paul Joseph Goebbels was born in the Rhineland in 1897 to parents of the lower middle class. Crippled by polio while a small boy, he devoted himself to the development of his intellect. He earned a doctorate in literature and philosophy in 1921 and soon joined the Nazi Party. A failed novelist with grandiose ideas, Goebbels was initially more fond of Nazi ideology than of Hitler. He soon fell under Hitler's spell, however, and became, after Hitler himself, the No. 1 proponent of the "Führer myth" of infallibility. For his loyalty, Goebbels was named minister of propaganda when Hitler assumed power in 1933.

Goebbels prohibited Jewish publishing activity and demanded the demonization of Jews through Nazi propaganda: feature films, faked newsreels, phony documentaries, fabricated news stories, radio plays, and choreographed antisemitic demonstrations. Under his guidance, "Jew" became synonymous throughout the Reich with "enemy" and "vermin."

Goebbels and his wife, Magda, committed suicide in the Führerbunker on May 1, 1945, shortly after poisoning their six children.
Photo: Archive Photos F113IJR

 April 24, 1942: Jews throughout Greater Germany are prohibited from taking public transport.
 April 26, 1942: The Reichstag grants Hitler full authority in executive, legislative, and judicial matters.
 April 27, 1942: One thousand Jews are deported from the Theresienstadt, Czechoslovakia, camp/ghetto to Izbica Lubelska, Poland; one, a woman who escapes after arrival, survives. Other Theresienstadt deportees are sent to their deaths at the Sobibór and Belzec extermination camps.
 April 27, 1942: Nazis execute 60 Jews in the Warsaw Ghetto. Among the victims are people suspected of being involved with the ghetto's underground newspaper.
 April 29, 1942: A German truck that refuels near the Lódz (Poland) Ghetto carries luggage belonging to "resettled" Jews who have already been murdered at the Chelmno death camp.
1942: The "Final Solution"
 pg. 315 
The Holocaust Chronicle
© 2009 Publications International, Ltd.