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1942: The "Final Solution"
 pg. 348 
The fact that the Ukrainian town of Tluste had relatively few Jews did not mean that the Nazis would leave it unmolested. Their intention was to kill every last Jew in Europe, and 300 of Tluste's Jews were sent ot the Belzec death camp in August 1942. Another 1000 were shipped to Belzec on October 5. This photograph shows the deportation to Belzec.
Photo: YIVO / United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archive
Two SS officers from Dachau, Germany, enjoy a break from their duties during a furlough at a local lake. Many camp officials successfully moved between their jobs as concentration-camp guards and life's normal routines. Time away from the camps was spent with families and, often, on vacation. The normalcy with which camp officials approached their jobs is one of the more perplexing facets of the Holocaust. The vast majority of individuals involved in the genocide of the Jews were "ordinary men."
Photo: Philip Drell
Janusz Korczak

Janusz Korczak, the pen name of Henryk Goldszmit, was a Polish-Jewish physician, writer, and educator. Korczak spent his entire professional life studying and caring for children.

Korczak (pictured) became the director of a Jewish orphanage in Warsaw in 1912. From this position he studied the psychological workings of the child brain and applied his findings to his educational ideas. With the outbreak of World War II, and the creation of the Warsaw Ghetto, Korczak dedicated himself to helping Jewish boys and girls.

As the economic conditions of the ghetto rapidly deteriorated, Korczak concentrated his efforts on securing food and shelter for the children. His ghetto diary painstakingly details his tireless efforts.

On August 5, 1942, the Nazis rounded up Korczak and his 200 children. Their three-mile march to the deportation trains was described by diarist Emanuel Ringelblum as follows: "This was not a march to the railway cars, this was an organized, wordless protest against the murder!...The children marched in rows of four, with Korczak leading them, looking straight ahead, and holding a child's hand on each side."

Nothing is known of Korczak's journey to Treblinka, where he, and the children, were gassed.
Photo: Yad Vashem / United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archive

 August 9, 1942: 180 Jews escape to forests outside Mir, Belorussia.
 August 9, 1942: The Jewish community at Radun, Belorussia, is liquidated.
 August 9, 1942: Fifteen hundred Jews from Kremenets, Ukraine, are relocated to the Bialokrynitsa camp; See August 10, 1942.
 August 10, 1942: One thousand Jews deported by train from the Theresienstadt, Czechoslovakia, camp/ghetto on August 4 are transferred to gassing vans at Maly Trostinets (near Minsk, Belorussia), executed, and dumped into open graves.
 August 10, 1942: Eight hundred Jews are murdered at Brzozów, Poland.
 August 10, 1942: Six German and Ukrainian policemen are killed by Jews while attempting to enter the Jewish ghetto at Kremenets, Ukraine; See August 11, 1942.
1942: The "Final Solution"
 pg. 348 
The Holocaust Chronicle
© 2009 Publications International, Ltd.