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1942: The "Final Solution"
 pg. 367 
Although the Rabbinate was abolished in the Lódz (Poland) Ghetto in September 1942, Jews continued to observe the religious holidays, and the chairman of the Jewish Council, Mordechai Chaim Rumkowski, took on the task of performing marriages. Here, the generations of the Lódz Ghetto join in observance of the High Holy Days as an elderly Jew, holding his prayer book and wearing a tallit, sits with a young man, perhaps his grandson.
Photo: YIVO / United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archive
Sonderkommando prisoners burn bodies at Auschwitz. When there were too many corpses for the ovens and/or when the ovens failed, other means of disposing of Jewish corpses were used. The death camp at Sobibor had gas chambers but no crematoria ovens.
Photo: Yad Vashem
Dietrich Bonhoeffer was a German Protestant theologian who actively opposed the Nazi regime. Along with Martin Niemöller and Karl Barth, Bonhoeffer founded the Christian Resistance movement known as the Confessing Church. Bonhoeffer's attempts to smuggle Jews to Switzerland in 1942 led to his imprisonment in the Flossenbürg concentration camp, where he was executed by hanging on April 9, 1945.
Photo: Suddeutscher Verlag Bilderdienst
 September 15-16, 1942: Members of the Kalush, Ukraine, Jewish community are deported to the Belzec death camp.
 September 15-21, 1942: The Jewish community from Kamenka, Ukraine, is murdered at the Belzec death camp.
 September 16, 1942: Six thousand Jews from Jedrzejów, Poland, are murdered at the Treblinka death camp.
 September 18, 1942: Food rations are dramatically reduced for Jews throughout Greater Germany.
 September 18, 1942: Reich Minister of Justice Otto Thierack and SS chief Heinrich Himmler agree that Jews and selected other camp inmates will be transferred to SS custody for Vernichtung durch Arbeit (extermination through work); i.e., hard labor until death.
 September 21, 1942: Open-pit burning of bodies begins at Auschwitz in place of burial. The decision is made to dig up and burn those already buried (107,000 corpses) to prevent the fouling of ground water and to hide evidence of atrocities.
1942: The "Final Solution"
 pg. 367 
The Holocaust Chronicle
© 2009 Publications International, Ltd.