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1942: The "Final Solution"
 pg. 375 
A bilingual poster in Hebrew and English entreated members of the Yishuv, the Jewish community in Palestine, to enlist in the British Armed Forces. The Hebrew text reads: "Follow in my footsteps." Throughout the Second World War, the British government attempted to enlist recruits from throughout its empire. In Palestine, however, the British had to be careful not to anger the Arab community.
Photo: Central Zionist Archives / United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archive
Female members of the Yishuv, the Jewish community in Palestine, were encouraged to enlist in the women's Auxiliary Territorial Service unit of the British Armed Forces. The scope of World War II placed an enormous burden on Britain and other belligerents. The need for soldiers, munitions workers, nurses, doctors, and other personnel was seemingly limitless. Tremendous effort was expended to attract and recruit individuals from throughout the empire.
Photo: Central Zionist Archives / United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archive
A sheet of 12-Pfennig Hitler stamps reminds us of the ubiquitous image of the German chancellor. Hitler's presence was felt throughout German society. The Nazi propaganda machine tirelessly reinforced the link between the Führer and the nation. And that link was strong: The Third Reich that was Hitler's creation would not survive his demise.
Photo: Philip Drell
 October 1942: As 3000 Jews are arrested at Pinczów, Poland, resistance is led by Michael Majtek and Zalman Fajnsztat.
 October 1942: Five thousand Jews are deported from Zawichost, Poland to Belzec.
 October 1942: British Vatican Ambassador Francis d'Arcy Osborne writes in his diary that Pope Pius XII only occasionally denounces moral crimes. But such rare and vague declarations "do not have...lasting force and validity." Osborne points out that the Pope's "policy of silence in regard to such offences against the conscience of the world must necessarily involve a renunciation of moral leadership."
 Early October 1942: At a small labor camp at Budy, Poland, female German non-Jewish prisoners beat, mutilate, and kill dozens of captive Jewish women. When the massacre is over, Auschwitz commandant Rudolf Höss inspects the scene.
 October 1, 1942: The Chelmek slave-labor camp, located in Poland near Auschwitz-Birkenau, opens to house Jews draining swamps to provide water to the nearby Bata shoe factory.
1942: The "Final Solution"
 pg. 375 
The Holocaust Chronicle
© 2009 Publications International, Ltd.