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1942: The "Final Solution"
 pg. 374 
On September 30, 1942, the Nazis deported these Jews from the Polish town of Zelechow. After marching to the Sobolewo railway station, the prisoners were loaded onto trains bound for Treblinka, where approximately 10,000 died in the camp's gas chambers on October 2. The Jews' worldly goods were confiscated by the Germans for use in the war effort.
Photo: Main Commission for the Investigation of Nazi War Crimes / United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archive
As resources within the Warsaw Ghetto dwindled almost to nothing, contraband food and other items became unimaginably valuable. Whether consumed by oneself or used as barter, such items could mean the difference between life and death. The outraged Jewish teenager seen here is being relieved of illegal items (whether by a Jewish civilian or a Jewish policeman is unclear). In any case, the boy would have considered himself fortunate merely to have been stripped of his goods; at worst, he would have been executed.
Photo: Yad Vashem Archives
Kurt Daluege

Kurt Daluege was commander of the Police of the German Reich. He also became deputy protector of Bohemia and Moravia following Reinhard Heydrich's assassination. Short on intellectual abilities but a talented administrator, Daluege was a willing partner in the Nazis' "Final Solution."

Daluege, who joined the Nazi Party in 1922, became a member of the Sturmabteilung (SA) in 1926 and transferred to the SS in 1928. In January 1933 he was elected to the German Reichstag. As chief of the police department of the Prussian Ministry of the Interior, Daluege effectively transformed the Prussian police into a significant political instrument of the Nazi Party.

The activities for which Daluege is most infamous are the massacres carried out in Lidice, Czechoslovakia, in retaliation for Heydrich's assassination. For his crimes, Daluege was executed by the Czechs in October 1946.
Photo: Berlin Document Center / United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archive

 October 1942: At Novogrudok, Belorussia, 50 Jews escape from the Germans and join local resistance led by Tuvia Bielski.
 October 1942: Eighteen hundred Jews are seized at Radziwillów, Ukraine; 600 escape. All told this month, about 80,000 Soviet Jews are murdered at execution pits throughout the occupied regions of the Soviet Union.
 October 1942: Fifteen deportation trains arrive at Auschwitz from Norway, Belgium, Holland, and Slovakia.
 October 1942: All Jewish property in Norway is confiscated.
 October 1942: Most Jewish escapees from the village of Markuszow, Poland, are destroyed by a German encirclement and subsequent armored and artillery attacks after five months of freedom in area forests.
1942: The "Final Solution"
 pg. 374 
The Holocaust Chronicle
© 2009 Publications International, Ltd.