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1943: Death and Resistance
 pg. 419 
Hans Nelson and Hildegard Neumann were among the Nazis stationed at the Theresienstadt, Czechoslovakia, camp/ghetto located just outside of Prague. Their wholesome, clean-cut appearances belie the nature of their work. As ghetto superintendents, the two contributed to the deaths of thousands of Jews imprisoned at Theresienstadt.
Photo: Terezin Memorial Museum / United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archive
Throughout the first half of 1943, Theresienstadt guards Nelson and Neumann functioned as parts of an elaborate system that deported Jews from Germany, Austria, and the Protectorate to the camp/ghetto.
Photo: Terezin Memorial Museum / United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archive
Krupp was among the many German corporations to make extensive use of the abundant supply of slave labor that the concentration-camp system provided. This airplane factory in Essen was just one of several major Krupp plants located throughout the Reich and the occupied territories. In September 1944 Krupp employed around 288,000 workers. During the Nuremberg Trials, the Allies accused Alfred Krupp, chief of the corporation, of profiting from the work of approximately 100,000 slaves, probably an underestimation.
Photo: Ullstein Bilderdienst
 January 21, 1943: SS men in the Warsaw Ghetto fire into windows and toss grenades. The Jews resist and the Germans soon withdraw, leaving behind 12 dead.
 January 21-24, 1943: Two thousand Jews from the Theresienstadt, Czechoslovakia, camp/ghetto are deported to Auschwitz. Some 1760 are gassed on arrival, including patients from the Jewish mental hospital at Apeldoorn, Holland, as well as about 50 of the hospital's nurses who accompany the patients to lessen their terror.
 January 22, 1943: The Jewish ghetto at Grodno, Belorussia, is liquidated.
 January 22, 1943: Jewish girls at the Auschwitz-Birkenau death camp light candles and sing songs for the Sabbath.
 January 22, 1943: A death train that originated in Grodno, Poland, on January 17 erupts in violence at the Treblinka death camp when 1000 Jews armed with boards, knives, and razors attack guards. By morning 10,000 Jews and guards who had been on the train are dead, killed by Treblinka SS troops armed with machine guns and grenades.
1943: Death and Resistance
 pg. 419 
The Holocaust Chronicle
© 2009 Publications International, Ltd.