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1943: Death and Resistance
 pg. 448 
Before the liquidation of the Warsaw Ghetto, inhabitants feverishly constructed an elaborate series of bunkers and hideouts to evade their Nazi persecutors. Once the resistance operations began, the Nazis set fire to the ghetto in an attempt to force the Jews from their bunkers.
Photo: Main Commission for the Investigation of Nazi War Crimes / United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archive
A woman jumps from a balcony to escape the intense heat of the flames and avoid being burned alive.
Photo: Louis Gonda / United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archive
 May 1943: About 5000 Sephardic Jews are sent from Occupied Tunisia to labor camps near North African battle zones.
 May 1943: In Eastern Europe, the Red Army continues its westward advance.
 May 1943: Breckinridge Long and his supporters in the U.S. State Department, including Borden Reams and Robert Alexander, delay the license to transfer Jewish funds intended to be used to allow the escape of 70,000 Jews from Romania (the Riegner Plan). These State Department officials worry that the Riegner Plan "might actually succeed."
 May 1943: Abrasha Blum, an organizer of armed resistance in the Warsaw Ghetto and a member of the Coordinating Committee of Jewish Organizations, is shot by Germans after enduring confinement and torture.
1943: Death and Resistance
 pg. 448 
The Holocaust Chronicle
© 2009 Publications International, Ltd.