Home Contact Us
Index Purchase Info
About Site About Us
Appendices Credits
Further Reading Links
Special Features
By Keyword:

Page Number:
Click on an image to see a larger, more detailed picture.
1943: Death and Resistance
 pg. 493 

Upwards of 20,000 Jews comprised partisan groups in the forests of Eastern Europe, most having escaped from nearby ghettos. Partisans struggled to survive while planning surprise attacks with their limited arsenal of weapons.
With hands raised high above their heads, suspected resisters are guarded by a revolver-toting member of the milice (French militia). The militia operated as the police arm of the Vichy government and as undercover agents in pursuing the members of the Maquis, the French Resistance. Numbering some 29,000 volunteers by fall 1943, the milice increasingly turned to assassination in its pursuit of power.
Photo: Bundesarchiv / United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archive
A gruesome mound of burnt bodies testifies to the mass murder that occurred at Maly Trostinets, near Minsk in Belorussia. With the liquidation of the Minsk Ghetto in late October 1943, more than 2000 Jews were transported to Maly Trostinets to meet their deaths. In all, tens of thousands of Jews were executed at this site.
Photo: Yad Vashem
 October 26, 1943: Three thousand Jews are deported from Kovno, Lithuania, to the slave-labor camp at Klooga, Estonia.
 October 26, 1943: The United Nations War Crimes Commission, composed of 15 Allied nations (the Soviet Union is not among the participants), has its first meeting, in London.
 October 30, 1943: Dr. Zelik Levinbok, a Jewish doctor interned at the Koldichevo camp in Belorussia, escapes with his wife and eight-year-old son.
 November 1943: Nazis raze the death camp at Treblinka.
 November 1943: A Hebrew teacher named Szosznik leads inmate resistance at the Majdanek death camp. Hundreds are killed, ten escape.
 November 1943: The corpse-burning squad revolts at Borki, Poland. Fifty are killed and three survive.
 November 1943: The first deaths occur at the Fünfteichen, Silesia, Poland, slave-labor camp.
 November 1943: The death camp at Sobibór is demolished.
1943: Death and Resistance
 pg. 493 
The Holocaust Chronicle
© 2009 Publications International, Ltd.