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1943: Death and Resistance
 pg. 494 
In November 1943 Joseph Stalin, Franklin Roosevelt, and Winston Churchill met at Tehran, Iran. They discussed military tactics and the formation of an international organization to peacefully settle disputes between nations. Stalin particularly wanted the opening of a second front to help divert German pressure from his Red Army. Pictured (from left to right) are Soviet Foreign Minister Viacheslav Molotov, U.S. Envoy W. Averell Harriman, Churchill, and Stalin.
Photo: Sovfoto/Eastfoto / United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archive
Ivan Vranetic concealed dozens of Jews from the Nazis in Yugoslavia. He sheltered the Jews in barns and, on occasion, his own home. But since his village, Topusko, was so close to the German border, German soldiers often searched it for concealed Jews. When this happened, Vranetic had the Jews hide in the nearby forest. After the war Yad Vashem named him a "Man of Honor." Today Vranetic resides in Israel.
Photo: Yad Vashem
This finely crafted violin once belonged to Henry Rosner, a prisoner at the Plaszów, Poland, forced-labor camp that was commanded by the infamous Amon Goeth. Rosner and his brother, Poldek, an accordionist, entertained Goeth and his frequent guest, Oskar Schindler, at numerous dinner parties. Schindler's fondness for Rosner's music compelled him to add the entire Rosner family to the list of 1100 workers for his Brinnlitz munitions plant. Although the violin never made it to the factory, Rosner was reunited with his beloved instrument--and his wife--after the war.
Photo: United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archive 1995.86.1a
 November 1943: State Department official Breckinridge Long's campaign against Jewish immigration reaches its apex when he falsely testifies before the House Foreign Affairs Committee. He informs the committee that the United States has admitted 580,000 refugees since 1933. He implies that most are Jews and that they remain in the United States. But the fact is that fewer than 200,000 remain in the United States; many have emigrated from the United States to other countries, and many of the refugees were non-Jews. Long's figures apply only to the number of visas issued by the United States. The net number of German refugees who stay in the United States is only 51,960. Between the attack on Pearl Harbor and the end of the war, only 21,000 additional refugees are admitted to the U.S.
1943: Death and Resistance
 pg. 494 
The Holocaust Chronicle
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