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1946: The Pursuit of Justice
 pg. 644 
Fiorello LaGuardia, former mayor of New York City, led the United Nations' effort to deal with Europe's massive displaced-persons problem as the director general of the UNRRA. Here he makes a speech in the DP camp at Berlin-Schlachtensee. LaGuardia, whose mother was of Jewish descent, made his presentation in Yiddish, something his audience undoubtedly appreciated.
Photo: Avira Kempner
This document, written by the camp's commandant, Rudolf Höss, dated May 14, 1946, attests to the number of Jews murdered at Auschwitz. It reads: "I declare herewith under oath that in the years 1941 to 1943 during my tenure in office as commandant of Auschwitz concentration camp 2 million Jews were put to death by gassing and about 1/2 million by other means." Historians have since concluded that the number of victims at Auschwitz was actually between 1.1 million and 1.6 million.
Photo: Josepf Maier
For years the Nazis had forbidden the practice of the rituals that is a vital aspect of Judaism. Many of these involved a communal meal, especially the Passover Seder. Here children in the Landsberg, Germany, DP camp join in the Seder. For many of them, this was the first time they particpated in this important ceremony.
Photo: Beth Hatefutsoth
 March 14, 1946: Polish thugs in Warsaw stop an official car that is flying the British flag. They remove and shoot four riders they suspect are Jews.
 March 19, 1946: Chaim Hirszman, one of only two survivors of the Belzec death camp, is murdered by Polish antisemites in Lublin, Poland, after a day of testimony about the horrors he had witnessed.
 March 22, 1946: Döme Szojay, former prime minister of the Nazi-controlled puppet government in Hungary, is executed after being convicted of war crimes.
1946: The Pursuit of Justice
 pg. 644 
The Holocaust Chronicle
© 2009 Publications International, Ltd.