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1934: Triumph of the Will
 pg. 79 
At an April rally in Rome, a unit of the Italian Black Shirts proclaims its loyalty to Benito Mussolini. Standing at attention with their spades emblazoned with the words Il Duce (the Leader), these militant Fascists prepare to modernize the country and ready it for war by reclaiming more land for agriculture. Originally a separate militia, the Black Shirts were later incorporated into the Italian Army.
Photo: United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archive
Adolf Hitler and Julius Streicher stroll together outside a German factory in Nuremberg, Germany. As editor and later publisher of the newspaper Der Stürmer (The Attacker), Streicher fed the Nazi propaganda machine with his virulent attacks on Jews. At its height, the newspaper reached about 600,000 readers. Streicher played upon people's fears by reviving the medieval accusation that Jews murder Christian children and use their blood in perverted religious rituals.
Photo: Joanne Schartow/United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archive
Promoting unity and understanding between the two countries, the organization Friends of the New Germany largely drew Americans of German heritage to its ranks. Known also as the German-American Bund, the organization encouraged American support for Nazi Germany. On May 17, 1934, the Bund attracted 50,000 to a rally at New York City's Madison Square Garden.
Photo: Bundesarchiv/United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archive
 February 17, 1934: Great Britain, France, and Italy warn that Austria's independence must be maintained.
 April 1934: Germany establishes the Volksgericht (People's Court) to deal with enemies of the state; there is no trial by jury and no right of appeal.
 April 7, 1934: Several thousand Americans attend a pro-Nazi rally in Queens, New York.
 April 14, 1934: An antisemitic organization in Poland, Ob<ó>z Narodowo-Radykalny (National Radical Camp), is established; See July 10, 1934.
 May 1, 1934: Julius Streicher's Nazi periodical, Der Stürmer--one of Germany's most popular periodicals and a favorite of Hitler--reminds its readers that during the Middle Ages, the Jews were accused of committing ritual murder of Christian children and of using their blood for religious ritual purposes.
 May 1, 1934: The Rassenpolitisches Amt der NSDAP (Racial Policy Office of the National Socialist German Workers Party) is established by Hitler's friend and secretary, Rudolph Hess.
1934: Triumph of the Will
 pg. 79 
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