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1941: Mass Murder
 pg. 237 
A chart prepared by Dr. Franz Walter Stahlecker, the first commander of Einsatzgruppe A, details the ethnic composition of the Baltic countries (Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania) in preparation for the upcoming invasion of the Soviet Union. The Einsatzgruppen singled out Jews and political commissars for extermination. Charts such as this were instrumental in determining the scope of the Einsatzgruppen's operations and the needed manpower.
Photo: National Archives / United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archive
Torah scrolls desecrated by the Nazis were strewn about a synagogue in Kovno, Lithuania. Violence perpetrated against the Jews was typically accompanied by the destruction of Jewish religious articles and places of worship. The clear and intimate connection between the Jewish people and the Torah made the holy book an irresistible target for Nazi vandals.
Photo: Beth Hatefutsoth / United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archive
In Breslau, Germany, Heinrich Himmler presents new citizens of the Reich with naturalization papers. This Bukovinian and his wife were repatriated from Romania to Germany. Following the 1939 Non-Aggression Pact with Hitler, Joseph Stalin moved his troops into northern Bukovina, annexing it in June 1940. Angered by Stalin's expansion into an area that had once been part of the Hapsburg Empire, Hitler regained the territory a year later, following his attack on the Soviet Union.
Photo: AP/Wide World
Heinrich Himmler is greeted by Chaim Rumkowski, the head of Lódz Ghetto's Jewish Council, during an official visit on June 5, 1941. After arriving in a chauffeur-driven Mercedes with a personalized license plate reading "SS-1," Himmler made Rumkowski wait for hours before meeting to discuss the ghetto's work assignment.
Photo: Juedisches Museum / United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archive
1941: Mass Murder
 pg. 237 
The Holocaust Chronicle
© 2009 Publications International, Ltd.