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1941: Mass Murder
 pg. 238 
This card demonstrates "ideal" Aryan children from among the Volksdeutsche, or ethnic Germans not living within Germany. Volksdeutsche were typically gladdened by their incorporation into the Reich; for many, it was a sort of repatriation. For the most part, ethnic Germans collaborated with the Nazis; about 300,000 joined the Waffen-SS.
Photo: Main Commission for the Investigation of Nazi War Crimes / United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archive
Polish women from Warsaw are led by German security forces into the Palmiry Forest, where they will be executed. While the Jews remained the primary target of the Nazi terror campaigns, individuals suspected of plotting against the occupying German forces faced violent retribution. The Nazis brooked no opposition, and no one was spared from their plans to dominate the continent. Innocent men, women, and children of all backgrounds were killed by the Nazis as they spread their reign of destruction throughout Europe.
Photo: Imperial Museum / United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archive
An unidentified major general in the German Army and his subordinate officers look over orders for the coming offensive against the Soviet Union. Planning for the attack, code-named "Barbarossa," began in July 1940, 11 months before the invasion took place. The nonaggression treaty with the Soviet Union signed in August 1939 was only a temporary expedient for Hitler.
Photo: Bildarchiv Preussischer Kulturbesitz / United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archive
 June 27, 1941: Romanian Iron Guard Legionnaires, encouraged by the antisemitic policies of dictator Ion Antonescu, undertake to exterminate Jews in Iasi. Thousands are killed.
 June 27, 1941: Jews of Falesti, Romania, are set out on a forced march eastward.
 June 27, 1941: Hungary enters the war, joining the Axis powers.
 June 28-29, 1941: In the German-occupied town of Kovno, Lithuania, Lithuanian police and released convicts use iron bars to beat hundreds of Jews to death in the city's streets. Thousands more Jews are murdered at Kovno, Lithuania, and another 5000 are killed at Brest-Litovsk, Belorussia.
1941: Mass Murder
 pg. 238 
The Holocaust Chronicle
© 2009 Publications International, Ltd.